Pinhas Kafri

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Processing bodies (PBs) are non-membranous cytoplasmic structures found in all eukaryotes. Many of their components such as the Dcp1 and Dcp2 proteins are highly conserved. Using live-cell imaging we found that PB structures disassembled as cells prepared for cell division, and then began to reassemble during the late stages of cytokinesis. During the cell(More)
The 5'-to-3' mRNA degradation machinery localizes to cytoplasmic processing bodies (P-bodies), which are non-membranous structures found in all eukaryotes. Although P-body function has been intensively studied in yeast, less is known about their role in mammalian cells, such as whether P-body enzymes are actively engaged in mRNA degradation or whether(More)
Previously, we have described 5-((4-methoxy-phenyl)-trans-vinyl)-2'-deoxy-uridine, 6, as a fluorescent uridine analogue exhibiting a 3000-fold higher quantum yield (Φ 0.12) and maximum emission (478 nm) which is 170 nm red-shifted as compared to uridine. Here, we utilized 6 for preparation of labeled oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) probes based on MS2 and cyclin(More)
A large group of fluorescent hybridization probes, includes intercalating dyes for example thiazole orange (TO). Usually TO is coupled to nucleic acids post-synthetically which severely limits its use. Here, we have developed a phosphoramidite monomer, 10, and prepared a 2'-OMe-RNA probe, labeled with 5-(trans-N-hexen-1-yl-)-TO-2'-deoxy-uridine nucleoside,(More)
The translocation of single mRNPs (mRNA-protein complexes) from the nucleus to the cytoplasm through the nuclear pore complex (NPC) is an important basic cellular process. Originally, in order to visualize this process, single mRNP export was examined using electron microscopy (EM) in fixed Chironomus tentans specimens. These studies described the(More)
The kinetic aspects of RNA polymerase II as it transcribes mRNA have been revealed over the past decade by use of live-cell imaging and kinetic analyses. It is now possible to visualize polymerase molecules in action, and most importantly to detect and follow the mRNA product as it is generated in real time on active genes. Questions such as the speed at(More)
Signal propagation from the cell membrane to a promoter can induce gene expression. To examine signal transmission through sub-cellular compartments and its effect on transcription levels in individual cells within a population, we used the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway as a model system. Wnt signaling orchestrates a response through nuclear accumulation(More)
Fluorescent nucleoside analogs replacing natural DNA bases in an oligonucleotide have been widely used for the detection of genetic material. Previously, we have described 2-((4-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl)-trans-vinyl)-2'-deoxy-adenosine, 6, a nucleoside analog with intrinsic fluorescence (NIF). Analog 6 exhibits a quantum yield 3115-fold higher than that of(More)
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