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Interleukin 17 (IL-17) is a cytokine associated with inflammation, autoimmunity and defense against some bacteria. Here we show that IL-17 can promote autoimmune disease through a mechanism distinct from its proinflammatory effects. As compared with wild-type mice, autoimmune BXD2 mice express more IL-17 and show spontaneous development of germinal centers(More)
Fas-mediated apoptosis is essential for the elimination of cells, and impaired apoptosis can have severe detrimental consequences. Bisindolylmaleimide VIII potentiated Fas-mediated apoptosis in human astrocytoma 1321N1 cells and in Molt-4 T cells, both of which were devoid of apoptosis induced by anti-Fas antibody in the absence of bisindolylmaleimide VIII,(More)
We previously identified that autoreactive B cells from BXD2 mice can be targeted by IL-17, leading to upregulation of the expression of regulators of G-protein signaling (Rgs) genes that facilitated the development of spontaneous germinal centers. Little is known about the signaling pathway used by IL-17 to upregulate RGS. In the current study, we found(More)
The application of AAV2 or AAV8 vectors for delivery of human coagulation factor IX (hF.IX) is a promising gene therapy for hemophilia B. One major limitation of this therapy is the development of antibodies and a cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response against both the vector capsid and the transgene. We determined the class I and class II MHC peptide(More)
OBJECTIVE Follicular regulatory T (Tfr) cells act as the regulatory counterpart of follicular helper T (Tfh) cells to suppress germinal center (GC) B cell differentiation. We recently showed that interleukin-21 (IL-21) promoted Tfh cell differentiation in autoimmune BXD2 mice that develop spontaneous GCs. This study was undertaken to determine the(More)
Despite the many potential advantages of Ad vectors for vaccine application, the full utility of current Ad vaccines may be limited by the host anti-vector immune response. Direct incorporation of antigens into the adenovirus capsid offers a new and exciting approach for vaccination strategies; this strategy exploits the inherent antigenicity of the Ad(More)
Defective receptor editing or defective B cell checkpoints have been associated with increased frequency of multireactive autoantibodies in autoimmune disease. However, Ig somatic hypermutation and/or class switch recombination may be mechanisms enabling the development of pathogenic multireactive autoantibodies. In this study, we report that, in the BXD2(More)
OBJECTIVE Fucosylation catalyzed by fucosyltransferases (FUTs) is an important posttranslational modification involved in a variety of biologic processes. This study was undertaken to determine the roles of fucosylation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to assess the efficacy of reestablishing immune homeostasis with the use of 2-deoxy-d-galactose (2-d-gal),(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether functional suppression of the catalytic domain of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) can suppress the hyperreactive germinal center (GC) responses in BXD2 mice. METHODS We generated transgenic BXD2 mice expressing a dominant-negative (DN) form of Aicda at the somatic hypermutation site (BXD2-Aicda-DN-transgenic(More)
Germinal centers (GCs) provide a microenvironment that promotes and regulates the interactions of B cells with follicular Th (TFH) cells. In this study, we show that there are significantly higher frequencies of CXCR5(+)ICOS(+) TFH cells in autoimmune BXD2 mice, and these cells express both IL-21R and IL-17RA. Although IL-17 and IL-21 are both important for(More)