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In vitro interaction of fluconazole and berberine chloride was investigated against 40 fluconazole-resistant clinical isolates of Candida albicans. Synergism in fungistatic activity was found with the checkerboard microdilution assay. The findings of agar diffusion tests and time-kill curves confirmed the synergistic interaction, but no antagonistic action(More)
Our previous study showed that concomitant use of berberine (BBR) and fluconazole (FLC) provided a synergistic action against FLC-resistant Candida albicans (C. albicans) clinical strains in vitro. To clarify the mechanism underlying this action, we performed a comparative proteomic study in untreated control cells and cells treated with FLC and/or BBR in 2(More)
LIGHT is a member of the TNF superfamily, which is transiently expressed on the surface of activated T lymphocytes and immature dendritic cells. Its known receptors are herpesvirus entry mediator (HVEM) prominently in T lymphocytes, and lymphtoxin beta receptor (LTbetaR) in stromal cells or nonlymphoid hematopoietic cells. Previous studies have shown that(More)
Cap1p, a transcription factor in Candida albicans, is thought to participate in oxidative stress tolerance, but the pathways involved are still unclear. The study was designed to reveal the possible pathways by examining changes in the transcription profile after H2O2 treatment with both the cap1-deleted strain CJD21 and its parental strain CAI4 using(More)
In this study the role of the TOP2 gene in fungal drug susceptibility was investigated by disrupting and overexpressing the gene in Candida albicans. MIC determination and a spot assay showed that a top2Delta/Delta null mutant (strain T2bc) was more resistant to the antifungals tested than the wild-type (strain CAI4). Real-time RT-PCR and rhodamine 6G(More)
AIM To study the effects of Changtai granules (CTG), a traditional compound Chinese medicine, on chronic trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis in rats. METHODS Healthy adult Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats of both sexes, weighing 250-300 g, were employed in the present study. The rat colitis models were induced by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid(More)
1. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of ascorbic acid (AA) on the antifungal activity of fluconazole (FCZ) in a systemic murine candidiasis model as well as in vitro. 2. The murine model was established by infusion of Candida albicans via the tail vein. Control mice received no further treatment. Other groups of mice were injected(More)
Multifactorial and multistep alterations are involved in acquired fluconazole (FLC) resistance in Candida albicans. In this study, a FLC-resistant C. albicans strain was obtained by serial cultures of a FLC-susceptible C. albicans strain in incrementally increasing concentrations of FLC. The comparative proteomic study, confirmed by real-time RT-PCR, was(More)
Overexpression of Candida drug resistance 1 (CDR1) gene in Candida albicans (C. albicans), an efflux pump, is one of the major mechanisms contributing to drug resistance. C. albicans for fluconazole resistance 1 protein (Fcr1p) is a member of the family of zinc cluster proteins homologous to Pdr1p and Pdr3p (pleiotropic drug resistance protein) mediating(More)
In the present study, wild-type and mutant Candida drug resistance protein 1 (Cdr1p) was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and phenotype alterations were observed in order to understand the importance of Cdr1p in azole resistance. Cdr1p was subjected to site-directed mutagenesis resulting in an alteration (W629L) to transmembrane segment 4 (TMS4). The(More)