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The G protein-coupled mu-opioid receptor (mu OR) mediates the physiological effects of endogenous opioid peptides as well as the structurally distinct opioid alkaloids morphine and etorphine. An intriguing feature of mu OR signaling is the differential receptor trafficking and desensitization properties following activation by distinct agonists, which have(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the results of the use of intra-articular cultured autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) injections in conjunction with microfracture and medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO). METHODS Fifty-six knees in 56 patients with unicompartmental osteoarthritic knees and genu varum were randomly allocated to the(More)
Opioid receptors mediate multiple biological functions through their interaction with endogenous opioid peptides as well as opioid alkaloids including morphine and etorphine. Previously we have reported that the ability of distinct opioid agonists to differentially regulate mu-opioid receptor (mu OR) responsiveness is related to their ability to promote G(More)
Opioids classically regulate the excitability of neurons by suppressing synaptic GABA release from inhibitory neurons. Here, we report a role for opioids in modulating excitatory synaptic transmission. By activating ubiquitously clustered mu-opioid receptor (MOR) in excitatory synapses, morphine caused collapse of preexisting dendritic spines and decreased(More)
Opioid peptides exert their regulatory effects on both central and peripheral nervous systems via multiple opioid receptors that are linked to seemingly identical sets of guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory proteins (G proteins). In contrast to the mu-opioid receptor, the delta-opioid receptor can efficiently stimulate phospholipase C via G16. We used a(More)
Pericytes play a crucial role in angiogenesis and vascular maintenance. They can be readily identified in vivo and isolated as CD146(+)CD34(-) cells from various tissues. Whether these and other markers reliably identify pericytes in vitro is unclear. CD146(+)CD34(-) selected cells exhibit multilineage potential. Thus, their perivascular location might(More)
The functional characterization of the mu opioid receptor from the zebrafish (zfMOR) is reported here. After transfection in HEK-293 cell line, using both peptidergic and nonpeptidergic opioid ligands in the competition and saturation-binding experiments, in addition to the functional assays of (35)S-GTPgammaS-binding assays and intracellular 3'-5'-cyclic(More)
Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) is a chemokine that binds to the CXCR4 receptor. Its functions include acting as a chemotactic factor for hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. We recently reported the synthesis of a small cyclized peptide analog (31 amino acids) of the terminal regions of SDF-1 that had biological function comparable to the native(More)
Opioids have been used as pain control medications for thousands of years. Opioids are highly effective analgesics clinically available for controlling moderate and severe pain. Recent genetic knockout and knockin studies have definitively demonstrated that the analgesic effect is mediated through opioid receptors. In addition to their analgesic effect,(More)