Learn More
The involvement of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in immunity against human herpesviruses has not been previously demonstrated. We show that infection of endothelial cells with Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV), a human oncogenic virus, leads to rapid suppression of TLR4 expression. This is a mechanism of immune escape as TLR4 mediates innate immunity against(More)
Chemoresistance is a serious limitation of cancer treatment. Until recently, almost all the work done to study this limitation has been restricted to tumour cells. Here we identify a novel molecular mechanism by which endothelial cells regulate chemosensitivity. We establish that specific targeting of focal adhesion kinase (FAK; also known as PTK2) in(More)
The TFAP2C transcription factor has been shown to downregulate transcription of the universal cell cycle inhibitor p21(cip) (CDKN1A). In examining the mechanism of TFAP2C-mediated repression, we have identified a ternary complex at the proximal promoter containing TFAP2C, the oncoprotein Myc, and the trimethylated lysine 4 of histone H3 (H3K4me3)(More)
Increasing chemotherapy delivery to tumors, while enhancing drug uptake and reducing side effects, is a primary goal of cancer research. In mouse and human cancer models in vivo, we show that coadministration of low-dose Cilengitide and Verapamil increases tumor angiogenesis, leakiness, blood flow, and Gemcitabine delivery. This approach reduces tumor(More)
Although the retinoblastoma protein (Rb) functions as a checkpoint in the cell cycle, it also regulates differentiation. It has recently been shown that Rb is acetylated during differentiation; however, the role of this modification has not been identified. Depletion of Rb levels with short hairpin RNA resulted in inhibition of human keratinocyte(More)
BACKGROUND p300 functions as a transcriptional co-activator to regulate many cellular responses such as cell growth, transformation, development and differentiation. It has been shown to affect the transcriptional activity of p53 which regulates p21(Waf1/CIP1) expression, however, the role of p300 in differentiation remains unclear. METHODOLOGY AND(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21cip/CDKN1A is induced to promote growth arrest in response to a variety of stimuli in normal cells and loss of correct regulation of this gene is frequently observed in cancer. In particular, the upregulation of CDKN1A by p53 is considered to be a central mechanism of tumour suppression. Other transcription factors(More)
Several studies have explored the potential of targeting tumor angiogenesis in cancer treatment. Anti-angiogenesis monotherapy, which reduces blood vessel numbers, may still hold some promise in cancer treatment, but thus far it has only provided a modest effect on overall survival benefits. When combined with standard chemotherapies, some significant(More)
  • 1