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BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Behavioral and psychologic symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are major sources of a caregiver's burden and also the most important factor when considering the need for institutionalization of dementia patients. BPSD occur in about 90% of patients with dementia. Studies comparing the BPSD in the major types of dementia using unitary behavioral(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Atherosclerosis is the main cause of common carotid artery occlusion in most reports. This study aimed to identify the major causes of common carotid artery occlusion and compare the clinical features and carotid duplex ultrasonography findings of patients with common carotid artery occlusion attributable to each cause. METHODS(More)
Multivariate models have not been widely used to predict the outcome of acute stroke patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). The purpose of this study was to determine potential measures observed in the first 12 h post-stroke that predict early mortality and functional outcomes in ICU-admitted stroke patients. Eight hundred and fifty acute(More)
There are few previous studies on the relationship between cerebral infarction and acute anemia. This study presents patients with cerebral infarction in acute anemia due to marked blood loss and aims to clarify the stroke nature and possible mechanism. Patients with acute cerebral infarction and anemia following marked blood loss without systemic(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term exposure to ingested arsenic has been documented to induce peripheral vascular disease, ischemic heart disease, and cerebral infarction in a dose-response relationship. This study further examined the biological gradient between ingested inorganic arsenic and carotid atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 199 male and 264(More)
OBJECTIVE The prevalence of dementia is expected to increase in Chinese society in the next 40 years. Family members remain the primary caregivers and bear a heavy burden. The present study aims to examine the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Zarit Burden Interview (CZBI). METHOD One hundred eighty-one patient-caregiver dyads were(More)
Vascular lesions are infrequently recognized as manifestations of neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1), but they can produce serious complications and contribute to mortality at younger ages. Here we report the case of a young female patient with NF1 who suffered from a fatal middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarct. In addition to the MCA infarct, head MRI also disclosed(More)
Interleukin 6 (IL-6) has been related to beta-amyloid aggregation and the appearance of hyperphosphorylated tau in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. However, previous studies relating IL-6 genetic polymorphisms to AD included few and unrepresentative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the results were inconsistent. This is a case-control study. A(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, transcranial color-coded sonography (TCCS) has been found to have a diagnostic value in patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD), which displays increased hyperechogenicity at the substantia nigra (SN). OBJECTIVE To use TCCS, to assess the difference in SN hyperechogenicity and intracranial hemodynamics among subjects with(More)
Mutations in the TBK1 gene were just recently identified to cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and their role in ALS in various populations remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and spectrum of mutations in TBK1 in a Taiwanese ALS cohort of Han Chinese origin. Mutational analyses of TBK1 were carried out by direct(More)