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Epidemiological studies have established the role of cigarette smoking as a risk factor in the progression of chronic kidney disease, including diabetic nephropathy. We have previously reported that nicotine promotes mesangial cell proliferation and hypertrophy via activation of nonneuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and that nicotine worsens renal(More)
Sex hormones influence neurite outgrowth and synaptogenesis in certain hormone-dependent areas of the rat brain during neonatal development. These alterations are thought to mediate changes in brain structure and function between the sexes. Growth-associated protein 43 kDa (GAP-43) gene expression is estrogen-regulated in the adult ventromedial hypothalamus(More)
Glomerular endothelial cells (GEC) are strategically situated within the capillary loop and adjacent to the glomerular mesangium. GEC serve as targets of metabolic, biochemical, and hemodynamic signals that regulate the glomerular microcirculation. Unequivocally, hyperglycemia, hypertension, and the local renin-angiotensin system partake in the initiation(More)
The effect of the calcium ion (Ca2+) on the growth and differentiation of the mouse epidermal keratinocytes cultured in serum-free medium was investigated. It was found that the optimal level of calcium ion in the medium was about 0.2 mmol/L. Under such a culture condition the colony forming efficiency, attachment percentage, percentage of the cells with(More)
Clinical studies suggest that smoking is a risk factor in the progression of chronic kidney disease, including diabetic nephropathy. The mechanisms involved are not completely understood. We have previously demonstrated that nicotine, one of the compounds present in large amounts in tobacco, promotes mesangial cell proliferation and fibronectin production.(More)
Angiotensin II (ANG II) produced as result of activation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease via its hemodynamic effects on the renal microcirculation as well as by its nonhemodynamic actions including the production of extracellular matrix proteins such as fibronectin, a multifunctional(More)
The effects of cell seeding density, microcarrier concentration, agitation speed and age of seeding cells on the rate of cell attachment to the surface of CT-3 microcarriers were investigated. It was shown that the attachment followed first-order kinetics. When either the cell seeding density or the microcarrier concentration was increased, the kinetic(More)
Clinical studies have established the role of cigarette smoking as a risk factor in the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We have shown that nicotine promotes mesangial cell proliferation and hypertrophy via nonneuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). The α7-nAChR is one of the most important subunits of the nAChRs. These studies were(More)
SARS-CoV 3a is a structural protein, mainly localizing to Golgi apparatus and co-localizing with SARS-CoV M in co-transfected cells. Here we observed that transient expression of 3a inhibited cell growth and prevented 5-bromodeoxyuridine incorporation, suggesting that 3a deregulated cell cycle progression. Cell cycle analysis demonstrated that 3a expression(More)
Isoflavone, genistein, was shown to have antioxidant and antitumor activities. We have reported the stimulatory effect of genistein on the expression of antioxidant and metal-binding protein, metallothionein IIA (MTIIA), in human intestinal Caco-2 cells. Genistein has been shown to up-regulate the expression of other genes through estrogen response element(More)