Ping Hua

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Estrogen alters neurite outgrowth, neuritic spine development, and synaptogenesis in estrogen-responsive areas of the rat brain. However, examination of the specific effects of estrogen on neurons in vivo has been difficult. An in vitro model for the effects of estrogen on neurons was developed, using the PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cell line. Wild-type cells(More)
Sex hormones influence neurite outgrowth and synaptogenesis in certain hormone-dependent areas of the rat brain during neonatal development. These alterations are thought to mediate changes in brain structure and function between the sexes. Growth-associated protein 43 kDa (GAP-43) gene expression is estrogen-regulated in the adult ventromedial hypothalamus(More)
Glomerular endothelial cells (GEC) are strategically situated within the capillary loop and adjacent to the glomerular mesangium. GEC serve as targets of metabolic, biochemical, and hemodynamic signals that regulate the glomerular microcirculation. Unequivocally, hyperglycemia, hypertension, and the local renin-angiotensin system partake in the initiation(More)
Androgen alters neurite outgrowth, synaptic organization, and cell survival in various portions of the brain and spinal cord. However, examination of the specific effects of androgen on neurons in vivo has been difficult. Previously, an in vitro model for the effects of estrogen on neurons was developed and characterized, using an estrogen receptor(More)
Clinical studies have established the role of cigarette smoking as a risk factor in the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We have shown that nicotine promotes mesangial cell proliferation and hypertrophy via nonneuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). The α7-nAChR is one of the most important subunits of the nAChRs. These studies were(More)
The transcription factor ETS-1 is a critical mediator of vascular inflammation and hypertrophy in hypertension. We tested the hypothesis that ETS-1 is a mediator of proinflammatory responses and neointimal hyperplasia after balloon injury of the carotid artery. For this study, we took advantage of the availability of an ETS-1 dominant-negative (DN) peptide.(More)
Transcription factor E26 transformation-specific sequence-1 (ETS-1) is a transcription factor that regulates the expression of a variety of genes, including growth factors, chemokines, and adhesion molecules. We recently demonstrated that angiotensin II increases the glomerular expression of ETS-1 and that blockade of ETS-1 ameliorates the profibrotic and(More)
Up-regulated cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)synthesis contribute causally to the early stages of colorectal neoplasia and carcinogenesis, yet COX-2 expression is barely detectable in normal and premalignant colorectal epithelium. Rather, COX-2 expression in nonmalignant colonic tissue is probably confined to subepithelial(More)
S alt-sensitive (SS) hypertension is a type of hypertension that affects over 50% of humans 1 and is associated with a significant risk for the development of hypertensive end-organ damage, including atherosclerosis, left ventricular hypertro-phy, and renal injury. 2 We and others have shown that salt-sensitive hypertension is characterized by reduced(More)
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