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Fungi in the genus Malassezia are ubiquitous skin residents of humans and other warm-blooded animals. Malassezia are involved in disorders including dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis, which together affect >50% of humans. Despite the importance of Malassezia in common skin diseases, remarkably little is known at the molecular level. We describe the genome,(More)
NF-kappaB is critical for determining cellular sensitivity to apoptotic stimuli by regulating both mitochondrial and death receptor apoptotic pathways. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) emerges as a new apoptotic signaling initiator. However, the mechanism by which ER stress activates NF-kappaB and its role in regulation of ER stress-induced cell death are(More)
Chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve in rodents produces mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia and is a common model of neuropathic pain. Here we compare the inflammatory responses in L4/5 dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) and spinal segments after CCI with those after transection and ligation at the same site. Expression of ATF3 after one week(More)
The bacterium Caulobacter crescentus and related stalk bacterial species are known for their distinctive ability to live in low-nutrient environments, a characteristic of most heavy metal-contaminated sites. Caulobacter crescentus is a model organism for studying cell cycle regulation with well-developed genetics. We have identified the pathways responding(More)
Urothelium synthesizes a group of integral membrane proteins called uroplakins, which form two-dimensional crystals (urothelial plaques) covering >90% of the apical urothelial surface. We show that the ablation of the mouse uroplakin III (UPIII) gene leads to overexpression, defective glycosylation, and abnormal targeting of uroplakin Ib, the presumed(More)
Autophagy is a lysosome-dependent cellular catabolic mechanism mediating the turnover of intracellular organelles and long-lived proteins. Reduction of autophagy activity has been shown to lead to the accumulation of misfolded proteins in neurons and may be involved in chronic neurodegenerative diseases such as Huntington's disease and Alzheimer's disease.(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many diseases and in cancer therapy. Although the unfolded protein response is known to alleviate ER stress by reducing the accumulation of misfolded proteins, the exact survival elements and their downstream signaling pathways that directly counteract ER stress-stimulated(More)
Hyperglycemia is associated with altered myocardial substrate use, a condition that has been hypothesized to contribute to impaired cardiac performance. The goals of this study were to determine whether changes in cardiac metabolism, gene expression, and function precede or follow the onset of hyperglycemia in two mouse models of obesity, insulin(More)
Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of bubonic and pneumonic plagues, has undergone detailed study at the molecular level. To further investigate the genomic diversity among this group and to help characterize lineages of the plague organism that have no sequenced members, we present here the genomes of two isolates of the "classical" antiqua biovar,(More)
When transcription from the human U6 snRNA gene is reconstituted with recombinant factors and purified RNA polymerase III (pol III), pol III must be treated with CK2 to be active. We show that highly purified pol III contains associated beta-actin, and beta-actin localizes to an active U6 promoter in vivo. Pol III immunoprecipitated from IMR90 cells treated(More)