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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of age-related dementia. Pathologically, AD is characterized by the deposition in the brain of amyloid-beta peptides derived from proteolysis of amyloid precursor protein (APP) by beta-site APP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) and gamma-secretase. A growing body of evidence implicates cholesterol and(More)
BACKGROUND The regulation of gene expression is achieved through gene regulatory networks (GRNs) in which collections of genes interact with one another and other substances in a cell. In order to understand the underlying function of organisms, it is necessary to study the behavior of genes in a gene regulatory network context. Several computational(More)
Gain-of-function mutations in the human SCN11A-encoded voltage-gated Na(+) channel NaV1.9 cause severe pain disorders ranging from neuropathic pain to congenital pain insensitivity. However, the entire spectrum of the NaV1.9 diseases has yet to be defined. Applying whole-exome sequencing we here identify a missense change (p.V1184A) in NaV1.9, which leads(More)
BACKGROUND A number of models and algorithms have been proposed in the past for gene regulatory network (GRN) inference; however, none of them address the effects of the size of time-series microarray expression data in terms of the number of time-points. In this paper, we study this problem by analyzing the behaviour of three algorithms based on(More)
Munitions constituents (MCs) including hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), and TNT derivatives are recognized to elicit aberrant neuromuscular responses in many species. The onset of seizures resulting in death was observed in the avian model Northern bobwhite after oral dosing with RDX beginning at 8 mg/kg/day in(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by cerebral deposition of beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptides. Abeta is released from ectodomain cleaved amyloid precursor protein (APP) via intramembranous proteolysis by gamma-secretase, a complex consisting of presenilin and a few other proteins. p23/TMP21, a member of the p24 family type I transmembrane(More)
Sequential processing of amyloid precursor protein by beta- and gamma-secretases generates Alzheimer's disease (AD)-associated beta-amyloid peptides. Recently it was reported that the transmembrane protein p23/TMP21 associates with gamma-secretase, and negatively regulates beta-amyloid production. Despite the link between p23 function and AD pathogenesis,(More)
INTRODUCTION Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) could accomplish neural transdifferentiation with the presence of certain growth factors in vitro. It has been proved that bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) can realize neural transdifferentiation only by being co-cultured with Schwann cells (SCs), and in our former studies we have confirmed that ADSCs could(More)
BACKGROUND Eisenia fetida, commonly known as red wiggler or compost worm, belongs to the Lumbricidae family of the Annelida phylum. Little is known about its genome sequence although it has been extensively used as a test organism in terrestrial ecotoxicology. In order to understand its gene expression response to environmental contaminants, we cloned 4032(More)