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Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a key mediator in the vascular leak syndromes associated with Gram-negative bacterial infections. LPS opens the paracellular pathway in pulmonary vascular endothelia through protein tyrosine phosphorylation. We now have identified the protein-tyrosine kinases (PTKs) and their substrates required for LPS-induced protein(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of age-related dementia. Pathologically, AD is characterized by the deposition in the brain of amyloid-beta peptides derived from proteolysis of amyloid precursor protein (APP) by beta-site APP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) and gamma-secretase. A growing body of evidence implicates cholesterol and(More)
Mild hypothermia is the only effective treatment confirmed clinically to improve neurological outcomes for comatose patients with cardiac arrest. However, the underlying mechanism is not fully elucidated. In this study, our aim was to determine the effect of mild hypothermia on mitochondrial oxidative stress in the cerebral cortex. We intravascularly(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha is a key mediator of sepsis-associated multiorgan failure, including the acute respiratory distress syndrome. We examined the role of protein tyrosine phosphorylation in TNF-alpha-induced pulmonary vascular permeability. Postconfluent human lung microvascular and pulmonary artery endothelial cell (EC) monolayers exposed to(More)
Gain-of-function mutations in the human SCN11A-encoded voltage-gated Na(+) channel NaV1.9 cause severe pain disorders ranging from neuropathic pain to congenital pain insensitivity. However, the entire spectrum of the NaV1.9 diseases has yet to be defined. Applying whole-exome sequencing we here identify a missense change (p.V1184A) in NaV1.9, which leads(More)
Long-term exposure to 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) can induce changes in the structure and activities of soil microbial communities. Such changes may be associated with an elevated microbial tolerance. An in situ respirometry technique based on the analysis of the substrate-induced respiration response to freshly added TNT was used to examine soil microbial(More)
—Electrochemical sensing of biomolecules eliminates the need for the bulky and expensive optical instrumentation required in traditional fluorescence-based sensing assays. Integration of the sensor interface electrodes and active electrochemical detection circuitry on a CMOS substrate miniaturizes the sensing platform, enhancing its portability for use in(More)
Genotoxicity potential of soils taken from wastewater irrigation areas and bioremediation sites was assessed using the Vicia faba root tip micronucleus assay. Twenty five soils were tested, of which 8 were uncontaminated soils and taken as the control to examine the influence of soil properties; 6 soils were obtained from paddy rice fields with a history of(More)
Cerebral deposition of beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptides is a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer disease. Intramembranous proteolysis of amyloid precursor protein by a multiprotein gamma-secretase complex generates Abeta. Previously, it was reported that CD147, a glycoprotein that stimulates production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), is a subunit of(More)
Networked software, a special kind of applications in service-oriented computing and ultra-large-scale systems, is a complex software system deploying on network environment. Requirements engineering of networked software poses many problems owing to the dynamic topology structure, users' uncertainty, and continuous growing requirements. Towards these(More)