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— The detection of direct causality, as opposed to indirect causality, is an important and challenging problem in root cause and hazard propagation analysis. Several methods provide effective solutions to this problem when linear relationships between variables are involved. For nonlinear relationships, currently only overall causality analysis can be(More)
Cell differentiation involves widespread epigenetic reprogramming, including modulation of DNA methylation patterns. The differentiation potential differences in DNA methylation patterns might function in pluripotency restriction, while tissue-specific differences might work in lineage restriction. To investigate the effects of neuronal induction on(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the modulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) upon the neuronal differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) through targeting RE-1 Silencing Factor (REST), a mature neuronal gene suppressor in neuronal and un-neuronal cells. METHODS Rat bone marrow derived-MSCs were induced into neuron-like cells (MSC-NCs) by DMSO and BHA in vitro.(More)
While many studies have examined the pregnancy and health-related outcomes of delayed motherhood for women, less is known concerning the potential consequences for their children. This study aims to investigate the effect of delayed motherhood on the hippocampus at the whole genome level. Sprague–Dawley rat females, either at the age of 3 or 12 months, were(More)
MicroRNA (miR)-29a has been associated with carcinogenesis in humans; however, its functional significance in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is yet to be determined. In the present study, the expression of miR-29a was markedly downregulated in ESCC tissue and the ESCC TE-1 cell line, compared with normal esophageal tissue and cells. Furthermore,(More)
Objective. To investigate the effect of advanced motherhood on rat hippocampal neural stem cell proliferation. Methods. Female parents were subdivided into control and old mother group by age, and neural stem cells were cultured from hippocampal tissues for 24 h newborn offspring. The diameter and numbers of neurospheres were examined by microscopy, and(More)
PURPOSE The literatures show that photodynamic therapy (PDT) and intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) have their own specific advantages in treating polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). Using a meta-analysis, we want to provide some suggestions for the clinical application of the two treatments to PCV patients through a comparison of the functional outcomes(More)
In cardiomyocytes, Ca2+ entry through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels (VDCCs) binds to and activates RyR2 channels, resulting in subsequent Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and cardiac contraction. Previous research has documented the molecular coupling of small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (SK channels) to VDCCs in mouse cardiac(More)