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Polyamines (PAs) are small aliphatic amines that play a major role in multicellular functions. The PA levels are controlled by ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the rate limiting enzyme of PA biosynthesis. α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) is the ODC inhibitor, which has been shown to act as an antiproliferative agent in human cancer cells by irreversibly(More)
Epibrassinolide (EBR) is a biologically active compound of the brassinosteroids, steroid-derived plant growth regulator family. Generally, brassinosteroids are known for their cell expansion and cell division-promoting roles. Recently, EBR was shown as a potential apoptotic inducer in various cancer cells without affecting the non-tumor cell growth.(More)
Androgen signaling is critical in prostate cancer development and progression. The co-existence of hormone responsive and irresponsive cells due to functional androgen receptor (AR) in prostate gland is the major obstacle in prostate cancer therapy models. Targeting aberrant cell cycle by novel cell cycle blocking agents is a promising strategy to treat(More)
The purine-derived analogs, roscovitine and purvalanol are selective synthetic inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) induced cell cycle arrest and lead to apoptotic cell death in various cancer cells. Although a number of studies investigated the molecular mechanism of each CDK inhibitor on apoptotic cell death mechanism with their therapeutic(More)
BACKGROUND Epibrassinolide (EBR), is a member of the brassinosteroids (BR), has been shown as an apoptotic inducer in different cancer cell lines. We previously showed that EBR induced apoptosis by activating polyamine catabolic pathway, which lead to the accumulation of cytotoxic compounds such as hydrogen peroxide and aldehydes in LNCaP and DU 145(More)
Current clinical strategies against breast cancer mainly involve the use of anti‑hormonal agents to decrease estrogen production; however, development of resistance is a major problem. The resistance phenotype depends on the modulation of cell‑cycle regulatory proteins, cyclins and cyclin‑dependent kinases. Roscovitine, a selective inhibitor of(More)
BACKGROUND Cisplatin, a DNA damaging agent, induces apoptosis through increasing DNA fragmentation. However, identification of intrinsic resistance molecules against Cisplatin is vital to estimate the success of therapy. Bag-1 (Bcl-2-associated anthanogene) is one anti-apoptotic protein involved in drug resistance impacting on therapeutic efficiency.(More)
Epibrassinolide (EBR), a steroid-derived plant growth regulator, has been recently suggested as an apoptotic inducer in different cancer cells. In this experimental study, we investigated the potential apoptotic effect of EBR on stress-related and survival signaling molecules in colon carcinoma cells. EBR decreased cell viability and colony formation in HCT(More)
The cell cycle is tightly regulated by the family of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). CDKs act as regulatory factors on serine and threonine residues by phosphorylating their substrates and cyclins. CDK‑targeting drugs have previously demonstrated promising effects as cancer therapeutics both in vitro and in vivo. Roscovitine, a purine‑derivative and(More)
Inflammation and genetics have key roles in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, and the etiology of myocardial infarction (MI). Recent studies have indicated that lower serum levels of fetuin-A may accelerate the vascular mineralization process, which leads to pathophysiological conditions, such as coronary heart disease and chronic renal failure. The aim(More)