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Pregnenolone (P), the main precursor of the steroids, and its sulfate ester, pregnenolone sulfate (PS), are the major neurosteroids produced in the neural tissue. Many neuroendocrinological studies stressed the neuroprotective role of neurosteroids although it has been suggested that the inhibition of P and PS synthesis can delay neuronal cell death. The(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Elevated plasma homocysteine (PH) levels have been identified as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The aims of this study were to investigate the influences of submaximal acute aerobic exercise and aerobic training on PH levels and lipid profiles. METHODS 69 volunteer subjects (21.12 +/- 2.08 years) were randomized to three(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial peritonitis episodes may disturb the functional and histological integrity of the peritoneum in peritoneal dialysis patients. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system may have fibrotic effects on the peritoneum. OBJECTIVE To study the effects of an angiotensin II receptor antagonist (irbesartan) and an aldosterone antagonist(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the effects of conjugated equine estrogen (CEE), CEE plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), CEE plus Nomegestrol acetate (NA), and raloxifene on serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and homocysteine (Hcy) levels in healthy postmenopausal women. MATERIALS One hundred seven healthy postmenopausal women were recruited(More)
OBJECTIVE N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has yielded some promising results recently in the prevention of radiocontrast nephropathy (RCN). In this study, the structural and functional effects of NAC on RCN were analyzed. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty-eight Wistar rats were randomized into four groups, as follows: Group 1, controls; Group 2, contrast; Group 3,(More)
BACKGROUND A nationwide multicenter study was organized to establish reference intervals (RIs) in the Turkish population for 25 commonly tested biochemical analytes and to explore sources of variation in reference values, including regionality. METHODS Blood samples were collected nationwide in 28 laboratories from the seven regions (≥400 samples/region,(More)
OBJECTIVE a)To determine serum Transforming Growth Factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) levels in patients with type 2 diabetes who do not have diabetes related complications and in healthy controls, b) to evaluate the effects of metformin and rosiglitazone on TGF-beta 1 levels. DESIGN In the washout period, 61 patients with Fasting Plasma Glucose levels (FPG)(More)
The use of C-reactive protein (CRP) assays is increasing for a wide range of clinical conditions, and consequently the analytical performance requirements for CRP assays are also changing. For this reason, manufacturers have been developing CRP assays based on different methodologies to provide both high sensitivity and a wide measuring range. However, it(More)
OBJECTIVE The examination of the urine remains to be one of the most commonly performed tests in laboratory practice. Currently, laboratories also need to accredit their urine diagnostics by comparing their measurement methods to acceptable references. In this study we compared particle counts obtained by new generation automated technique, image capture(More)
Increased amyloid beta (AB) peptide concentration is one of the initiating factors in the neurodegeneration process. It has been suggested that cholesterol induces the synthesis of AB peptide from amyloid precursor protein or facilitates the formation of amyloid plaque by lowering the aggregation threshold of the peptide. It is also shown that AB peptides(More)