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INTRODUCTION During the past decade, the incidence of Candida infections in hospitalized patients has increased, with fluconazole being the most commonly prescribed systemic antifungal agent for these infections. However, the 2009 Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) candidiasis guidelines recommend an echinocandin for the treatment of(More)
A tropism test is required prior to initiation of CCR5 antagonist therapy in HIV-1 infected individuals, as these agents are not effective in patients harboring CXCR4 (X4) coreceptor-using viral variants. We developed a clinical laboratory-based genotypic tropism test for detection of CCR5-using (R5) or X4 variants that utilizes triplicate population(More)
BACKGROUND Candida albicans is the most common cause of candidemia and other forms of invasive candidiasis. Systemic infections due to C. albicans exhibit good susceptibility to fluconazole and echinocandins. However, the echinocandin anidulafungin was recently demonstrated to be more effective than fluconazole for systemic Candida infections in a(More)
BACKGROUND Hospitalized patients are at increased risk for candidemia and invasive candidiasis (C/IC). Improved therapeutic regimens with enhanced clinical and pharmacoeconomic outcomes utilizing existing antifungal agents are still needed. METHODS An open-label, non-comparative study evaluated an intravenous (i.v.) to oral step-down strategy. Patients(More)
SUMMARY In order to develop better treatment and screening programs for cancer prevention programs, it is important to be able to understand the natural history of the disease and what factors affect its progression. We focus on a particular framework first outlined by Kimmel and Flehinger (1991, Biometrics, 47, 987-1004) and in particular one of their(More)
Though independent findings suggest roles for the allergic arm of the immune system and myelin-reactive antibodies in MS, myelin-reactive IgE has not been investigated. We have developed a radioimmunoassay that measures reactive IgE, IgG and IgA against short (5-6-mers) myelin protein-derived peptides bearing little to no sequence identity with other human(More)
BACKGROUND Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to explore the safety and efficacy of open-label tofacitinib following blinded treatment with adalimumab or tofacitinib for moderate to severe RA. METHODS Analyses included patients treated with adalimumab 40 mg once every 2(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess the long-term safety of linezolid in patients with chronic infections requiring treatment for ≥6 weeks. Enhanced monitoring for optic neuropathy was included to characterize the early development of this side effect and to identify ophthalmologic tests that might be valuable in early detection of this(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) remains an important pathogen in nosocomial pneumonia and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Clinical outcomes for nosocomial pneumonia are dependent on patient age, co-morbidities, severity of illness and appropriate antibiotic therapy. The objective of this secondary analysis was to(More)
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