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BACKGROUND Molecular recognition is all pervasive in biology. Protein molecules are involved in enzyme regulation, immune response, signal transduction, oligomer assembly, etc. Delineation of physical and chemical features of the interface formed by protein-protein association would allow us to better understand protein interaction networks on one hand, and(More)
A comparative analysis of cavities enclosed in a tertiary structure of proteins and interfaces formed by the interaction of two protein subunits in obligate and non-obligate categories (represented by homodimeric molecules and heterocomplexes, respectively) is presented. The total volume of cavities increases with the size of the protein (or the interface),(More)
The geometry of the interaction of the aromatic side chains of phenylalanine (Phe), tyrosine (Tyr), tryptophan (Trp) and histidine (His) with the indole ring of Trp has been analyzed using the structures in the Protein Data Bank in order to understand the dependence of the packing behaviour on the size and chemical nature of the aromatic rings. The Phe ring(More)
Crystal structures deposited in the Protein Data Bank illustrate the diversity of biological macromolecular recognition: transient interactions in protein-protein and protein-DNA complexes and permanent assemblies in homodimeric proteins. The geometric and physical chemical properties of the macromolecular interfaces that may govern the stability and(More)
The accurate determination of a large number of protein structures by X-ray crystallography makes it possible to conduct a reliable statistical analysis of the distribution of the main-chain and side-chain conformational angles, how these are dependent on residue type, adjacent residue in the sequence, secondary structure, residue-residue interactions and(More)
BACKGROUND Biological evolution conserves protein residues that are important for structure and function. Both protein stability and function often require a certain degree of structural co-operativity between spatially neighboring residues and it has previously been shown that conserved residues occur clustered together in protein tertiary structures,(More)
An analysis of the occurrence of nonglycyl residues in conformations disallowed in the Ramachandran plot is presented. Ser, Asn, Thr, and Cys have the highest propensities to exhibit such conformations, and the branched aliphatic residues the lowest. Residues cluster in five regions and there are some trends in the types of residues and their side-chain(More)
The quantification of the packing of residues in proteins and docking of ligands to macromolecules is important in understanding protein stability and drug design. The number of atoms in contact (within a distance of 4.5 A) can be used to describe the local environment of a residue. As this number increases, the accessible surface area (ASA) of the residue(More)
MOTIVATION The increasing amount of data on protein-protein interaction needs to be rationalized for deriving guidelines for the alteration or design of an interface between two proteins. RESULTS We present a detaild structural analysis and comparison of homo- versus heterodimeric protein-protein interfaces. Regular secondary structures (helices and(More)
We report a simple algorithm to scan interfaces in protein-protein complexes for identifying binding 'hot spots'. The change in side-chain solvent accessible area (DeltaASA) of interface residues has been related to change in binding energy due to mutating interface residues to Ala (DeltaDeltaG (X --> ALA)) based on two criteria-hydrogen bonding across the(More)