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The pathogenesis of cachexia in patients with uremia is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that uremia-associated cachexia is caused by leptin signaling through the hypothalamic melanocortin receptor 4 (MC4-R). We performed either subtotal nephrectomy (N) or sham operations in WT, leptin receptor-deficient (db/db), and MC4-R knockout (MC4-RKO) mice. The(More)
Detailed mechanisms of WhiB-like (Wbl) proteins involved in antibiotic biosynthesis and morphological differentiation are poorly understood. Here, we characterize the role of WblAch, a Streptomyces chattanoogensis L10 protein belonging to this superfamily. Based on DNA microarray data and verified by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR), the expression of(More)
Daptomycin is a cyclic lipopeptide antibiotic produced by Streptomyces roseosporus. To reveal the transcriptional regulatory mechanism of daptomycin biosynthesis, we used the biotinylated dptE promoter (dptEp) as a probe to affinity isolate the dptEp-interactive protein AtrA, a TetR family transcriptional regulator, from the proteome of mycelia. AtrA bound(More)
Gamma-butyrolactones (GBLs) produced by several Streptomyces species have been shown to serve as quorum-sensing signaling molecules for activating antibiotic production. The GBL system of Streptomyces chattanoogensis L10, a producer of antifungal agent natamycin, consists of three genes: scgA, scgX, and scgR. Both scgA and scgX contribute to GBL production,(More)
Quorum sensing molecular γ-butyrolactones (GBL) are widely distributed among the genus Streptomyces. Their cognate receptors have been demonstrated to control secondary metabolism and/or morphological differentiation. ScgA is responsible for the biosynthesis of GBL in Streptomyces chattanoogensis. According to the genome-wide transcriptome analysis of the(More)
A genetic variant of the H5N1 influenza virus, termed subclade 2.3.2.1, was first identified in Bulgaria in 2010 and has subsequently been found in Vietnam and Laos. Several cases of human infections with this virus have been identified. Thus, it is important to understand the antigenic properties and transmissibility of this variant. Our results showed(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a neurotropic pathogen that causes hand, foot, and mouth disease. While infection is usually self-limiting, a minority of patients infected with EV71 develop severe neurological complications. In humans, EV71 has been reported to utilize the scavenger receptor class B, member 2 (SCARB2) as a receptor for infectious cellular entry.(More)
The major threat to long-term survival of heart allograft recipients is the development of graft atherosclerosis, which seems to be a manifestation of chronic rejection. To assess the role of anti-HLA antibodies in heart allograft rejection we studied 107 patients and compared the survival of recipients who formed anti-HLA antibodies with the survival of(More)
The roles of many sigma factors are unclear in regulatory mechanism of secondary metabolism in Streptomyces. Here, we report the regulation network of a group 3 sigma factor, WhiGch, from a natamycin industrial strain Streptomyces chattanoogensis L10. WhiGch regulates the growth and morphological differentiation of S. chattanoogensis L10. The whiG ch(More)
In 2012, a novel coronavirus (CoV) associated with severe respiratory disease, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV; previously known as human coronavirus-Erasmus Medical Center or hCoV-EMC), emerged in the Arabian Peninsula. To date, 114 human cases of MERS-CoV have been reported, with 54 fatalities. Animal models for MERS-CoV infection of humans are(More)