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OBJECTIVE Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) constitutes 10% to 15% of all strokes and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. To date, little is known about the role of AQP4 (Aquaporin-4), which is abundantly expressed in pericapillary astrocyte foot processes and in edema formation after intracerebral hemorrhage. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Long non-coding RNAs have been shown to have critical regulatory roles in cancer biology. However, the contributions of lncRNAs to gastric cancer remain largely unknown. The differential expression of lncRNAs in gastric cancer and paired non-cancerous tissues were identified by microarray and validated using quantitative real-time PCR. Gastric samples from(More)
BACKGROUND β-catenin plays a key role in the progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, its prognostic significance for patients with CRC remains controversial. METHODOLOGY Identical search strategies were used to search relevant literatures in the PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases. The correlation between β-catenin expression and(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous agents targeting PD-L1/PD-1 check-point are in clinical development. However, the correlation between PD-L1 expression and prognosis of solid tumor is still in controversial. Here, we elicit a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the potential value of PD-L1 in the prognostic prediction in human solid tumors. METHODS(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most prevalent cancers globally and is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths due to therapy resistance and metastasis. Understanding the mechanism underlying colorectal carcinogenesis is essential for the diagnosis and treatment of CRC. microRNAs (miRNAs) can act as either oncogenes or tumor suppressors in(More)
Despite recent progresses in tumor therapy and increased knowledge in tumor biology, tumor remains a common and lethal disease worldwide. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a subset of cancer cells with a stem cell-like ability, which may drive tumor growth and recurrence and are resistant to many current anticancer treatments. Solid tumors are regarded as(More)
Development of cancer has been linked to chronic inflammation, particularly via interleukin-23 (IL-23) and IL-17 signaling pathways. However, the cellular source of IL-17 and underlying mechanisms by which IL-17-producing cells promote human colorectal cancer (CRC) remain poorly defined. Here, we demonstrate that innate γδT (γδT17) cells are the major(More)
This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of Apocynum venetum leaf extract (AVLE) on an in vitro model of ischemia-reperfusion induced by oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) and further explored the possible mechanisms underlying protection. Cell injury was assessed by morphological examination using phase-contrast microscopy and quantified by(More)
We studied potential interactions between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response and the MEK/ERK pathway. Induction of ER stress did not trigger significant apoptosis, but caused rapid activation of ERK1/2 in gastric cancer cells. Inhibition of MEK enhanced ER stress-induced apoptosis via a caspase-dependent, mitochondria-mediated mechanism. This(More)
BACKGROUND The prognostic value of HIFs in colorectal cancer was evaluated in a large number of studies, but the conclusions were inconclusive. Meanwhile, clinicopathologic differences of HIF-1α and HIF-2α were rarely compared in recent studies. METHODOLOGY Identical search strategies were used to search relevant literatures in the PubMed and Web of(More)