Pilar Salgado-Pineda

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BACKGROUND Parkinson disease with dementia (PDD) results from neuropathological changes in cortical and subcortical brain regions. Voxel-based morphometric analysis of magnetic resonance images can contribute to in vivo identification of the cerebral regions predominantly involved in PDD. OBJECTIVE To identify structural cerebral regions most closely(More)
It has been suggested that the pathophysiology of panic disorder (PD) may involve abnormalities in several brain structures, including the amygdala. To date, however, no study has used quantitative structural neuroimaging techniques to examine amygdalar anatomy in this disorder. Volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies of the amygdalas,(More)
Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) allows the output of structural data in a Statistical Parametric Map of the brain in the same way that the SPM can do with functional data. Using functional magnetic resonance (fMR), we studied brain activation in 14 patients with schizophrenia and 14 matched normal controls. We found significant hypoactivation in patients in(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors examined possible cerebral gray matter abnormalities in patients with panic disorder. METHOD Gray matter concentration in 18 panic disorder outpatients and 18 healthy subjects was compared by using a voxel-based morphometry approach. RESULTS Gray matter density of the left parahippocampal gyrus was significantly lower in patients(More)
Impaired sustained attention seems to be a specific neuropsychological deficit that is closely linked to schizophrenia. Voxel based morphometry has emerged as a useful tool for the detection of subtle gray matter (GM) abnormalities. The aim of our study was to identify the cerebral regions related to the Identical-Pair version of the Continuous Performance(More)
Structural neuroimaging techniques have consistently shown that treatment of schizophrenic patients with conventional antipsychotics causes an increase in basal ganglia volume. However, findings in schizophrenic patients treated with the newer atypical antipsychotic drugs are less consistently reported. To explore this issue, the authors used a whole-brain,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the neural basis and dynamics of facial affect processing in schizophrenic patients as compared to healthy controls. METHOD Fourteen schizophrenic patients and fourteen matched controls performed a facial affect identification task during fMRI acquisition. The emotional task included an intuitive emotional condition (matching(More)
We investigated residual brain damage in subjects who suffered severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in childhood, and its relationship with declarative memory impairment. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) volumetric data and memory performance were compared between 16 adolescents with antecedents of severe TBI and 16 matched normal controls. Volumes of grey(More)
Using optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM), we compared the relationship between hippocampal and thalamic gray matter loss and memory impairment in 22 adolescents with history of prematurity (HP) and 22 normal controls. We observed significant differences between groups in verbal learning and verbal recognition, but not in visual memory. VBM analysis(More)
AIM To test T1 intensity variations induced by levodopa administration in the regional fixation area in the human brain. METHOD Using non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique [T1-weighted sequence MPRAGE; TE/TR/TI = 5/25/800 ms; impulsion angle = 15 degrees; field of view = 256 x 230 x 180 mm3; acquisition matrix = 256 x 192 x 104;(More)