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Inactivating mutations in the BCKDK gene, which codes for the kinase responsible for the negative regulation of the branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex (BCKD), have recently been associated with a form of autism in three families. In this work, two novel exonic BCKDK mutations, c.520C>G/p.R174G and c.1166T>C/p.L389P, were identified at the(More)
Mutations in any of the three different genes BCKDHA, BCKDHB, and DBT encoding for the E1alpha, E1beta, and E2 catalytic components of the branched-chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase (BCKD) complex can cause maple syrup urine disease (MSUD). The disease presents heterogeneous clinical and molecular phenotypes. Severity of the disease ranges from the(More)
This work examined nine patients with creatine deficiency syndrome (CDS): six with a creatine transport (CRTR) defect and three with a GAMT defect. Eleven nucleotide variations were detected: six in SLC6A8 and five in GAMT. These changes were analyzed at the mRNA level and specific alleles (most of which bore premature stop codons) were selected as nulls(More)
Propionyl-CoA carboxylase (PCC) is a mitochondrial biotin-dependent enzyme composed of an equal number of alpha and beta subunits. Mutations in the PCCA (alpha subunit) or PCCB (beta subunit) gene can cause the inherited metabolic disease propionic acidemia (PA), which can be life threatening in the neonatal period. Lack of data on the genomic structure of(More)
In this work, we review the clinical and genetic data in 14 Latin American propionic acidemia (PA) and 15 methylmalonic aciduria (MMAuria) patients. In the PA patients, we have identified four different changes in the PCCA gene, including one novel one (c.414+5G>A) affecting the splicing process. The PCCB mutational spectrum included two prevalent changes(More)
Mutations in the PCCA or PCCB genes, encoding both subunits of propionyl-CoA carboxylase, result in propionic acidemia, a life-threatening inborn error of metabolism with autosomal recessive inheritance. To date, 41 mutations in the PCCA gene and 54 in the PCCB gene have been reported, most of them single base substitutions causing amino acid replacements,(More)
PURPOSE The study's purpose was to delineate the genetic mutations that cause classic nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH). METHODS Genetic results, parental phase, ethnic origin, and gender data were collected from subjects suspected to have classic NKH. Mutations were compared with those in the existing literature and to the population frequency from the(More)
Inherited metabolic diseases (IMDs) belong to the group of rare diseases due to their low individual prevalence. Most of them are inherited in autosomal recessive fashion and represent good candidates for novel therapeutical strategies aimed at recovering partial enzyme function as they lack an effective treatment, and small levels of enzymatic activity(More)
Propionic acidemia is an inherited metabolic disease caused by the deficiency of the mitochondrial protein propionyl-CoA carboxylase (PCC), one of the four biotin-dependent enzymes. PCC is a multimeric protein composed of two different alpha- and beta-PCC subunits, nuclearly encoded by the PCCA and PCCB genes, respectively. Mutations in either gene cause(More)
Creatine transporter deficiency is a recently identified X-linked inborn error of metabolism. The natural course of the disease is not well delineated since clinical data from adult patients have scarcely been reported. A progressive course of the disease has been noted in a few described cases. We report the first two Spanish adult patients with creatine(More)