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OBJECTIVE Gender and diet have an important effect in cardiovascular disease and other aging-associated disorders, whose initiation and/or worsening seem to be delayed in females from different species and in animals subjected to caloric restriction (CR). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether cardiac muscle bioenergetic mitochondrial(More)
Gender-related differences in brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis of 110-day-old rats were studied by determining the morphological and functional features of BAT. The adrenergic control was assessed by studying the levels of beta(3)- and alpha(2A)-adrenergic receptors (AR) and by determining the lipolytic response to norepinephrine (beta(1)-,(More)
 The effects of acute and chronic acclimation to cold on uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) levels, as well as on GDP-binding to mitochondria, cytochrome c oxidase activity and mitochondrial protein concentration in brown adipose tissue (BAT) of intact male and female rats have been analyzed. Results reveal that females rats are more sensitive to cold because(More)
Control of mitochondrial biogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT), as part of the thermogenesis program, is a complex process that requires the integration of multiple transcription factors to orchestrate mitochondrial and nuclear gene expression. Despite the knowledge of the role of sex hormones on BAT physiology, little is known about the effect of these(More)
Caloric restriction (CR) without malnutrition has been shown to increase maximal life span and delay the rate of aging in a wide range of species. It has been proposed that reduction in energy expenditure and oxidative damage may explain the life-extending effect of CR. Sex-related differences also have been shown to influence longevity and energy(More)
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women of developed countries. The aim of this study was to investigate whether genistein, a soy phytoestrogen, and 17β-estradiol (E2) could have effects on the cell cycle and mitochondrial function and dynamics. Three human breast cancer cell lines with different estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and estrogen(More)
The effects of starvation on the thermogenic parameters of three different mitochondrial subpopulations in brown adipose tissue (BAT) of both post-cafeteria obese and lean rats were investigated. Tissue from different BAT depots from fed and 24 h starved rats were collected, pooled and three mitochondrial subpopulations were isolated by differential(More)
Noradrenaline-dependent brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis is activated by the cold and excess energy intake, largely depends on the activity of the uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1), and is mediated mainly through the β3-adrenoceptor (β3-AR). We investigated the expression of ucp2, a gene that encodes a putative UCP1-like uncoupling protein, along with(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the sex-dependent differences in the response of key parameters involved in thermogenesis and control of body weight in brown adipose tissue (BAT) and white adipose tissue (WAT) in postcafeteria-fed rats, a model of dietary obesity. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES BAT and WAT were obtained from male and(More)
Genistein is a biologically active isoflavone with estrogenic activity and can be found in a variety of soy products. This natural compound displays a wide array of biological activities, but it is best known for its ability to inhibit cancer progression, especially for hormone-related ones such as breast cancer. Genistein has been shown to bind both the(More)