Pilar López-Nieva

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The natural history of cancers associated with virus exposure is intriguing, since only a minority of human tissues infected with these viruses inevitably progress to cancer. However, the molecular reasons why the infection is controlled or instead progresses to subsequent stages of tumorigenesis are largely unknown. In this article, we provide the first(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNA molecules that regulate post-transcriptional gene expression. They influence a wide range of physiological functions, including neuronal processes, and are regulated by various mechanisms, such as DNA methylation. This epigenetic mark is recognized by transcriptional regulators such as the methyl CpG binding(More)
The longevity-promoting NAD+-dependent class III histone deacetylase Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is involved in stem cell function by controlling cell fate decision and/or by regulating the p53-dependent expression of NANOG. We show that SIRT1 is down-regulated precisely during human embryonic stem cell differentiation at both mRNA and protein levels and that the(More)
An undifferentiated status and the epigenetic inactivation of tumor-suppressor genes are hallmarks of transformed cells. Promoter CpG island hypermethylation of differentiating genes, however, has rarely been reported. The Groucho homologue Transducin-like Enhancer of Split 1 (TLE1) is a multitasked transcriptional corepressor that acts through the acute(More)
Cryptic deletions at chromosome 6q are common cytogenetic abnormalities in T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (T-LBL), but the target genes have not been formally identified. Our results build on detection of specific chromosomal losses in a mouse model of γ-radiation-induced T-LBLs and provide interesting clues for new putative susceptibility genes in(More)
BACKGROUND Rett syndrome (RTT) is a complex neurological disorder that is one of the most frequent causes of mental retardation in women. A great landmark in research in this field was the discovery of a relationship between the disease and the presence of mutations in the gene that codes for the methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2). Currently, MeCP2 is(More)
Gamma-radiation-induced thymic lymphomas constitute a heterogeneous group of T-cell lymphomas. Some tumour suppressor genes and oncogenes have been shown to be defective in a fraction of such lymphomas, yet a considerable number of these remain elusive in terms of gene alterations. In the present work we present evidence that gamma-radiation-induced thymic(More)
Methyl-cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG)-binding domain (MBD) proteins are bound to hypermethylated promoter CpG islands of tumor suppressor genes in human cancer cells, although a direct causal relationship at the genome-wide level between MBD presence and gene silencing remains to be demonstrated. To this end, we have inhibited the expression of MBD(More)
The use of fluorescent probes for the visualization of organelles in living cells and assessment of live/dead cells has an increasing importance in cell biology. However, rapid and irreversible morphological changes of labelled cells (due to the photosensitizing effect of most fluorescent probes) make prolonged observation and detailed analysis of living(More)