Pilar García-Peris

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BACKGROUND & AIMS To determine the prevalence of dysphagia in head and neck cancer patients treated with surgery and radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy. To study the impact of dysphagia on food habits, nutritional status, and quality of life. METHODS Retrospective cross-sectional study of 87 head and neck cancer patients treated with surgery and(More)
OBJECTIVE Phytosterols present in parenteral nutrition (PN) lipid emulsions have been linked to phytosterolemia and cholestatic liver disease, although no direct relation has been established. We investigated the relation among plasma phytosterol (PY) infused, total plasma PY levels, and possible links to PN-associated liver disease. METHODS Twenty-seven(More)
Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a major complaint among older people. Dysphagia may cause two types of complications in these patients: (a) a decrease in the efficacy of deglutition leading to malnutrition and dehydration, (b) a decrease in deglutition safety, leading to tracheobronchial aspiration which results in aspiration pneumonia and can lead to death.(More)
Use of n-3 fatty acids (FA) has been reported to be beneficial for cancer patients. We performed a systematic review of the literature in order to issue recommendations on the clinical use of n-3 FA in the cancer setting. A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane and Healthstar databases. We selected clinical trials or prospective(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Weight gain is an undesirable side effect of second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs). We performed this study to examine the influence of SGAs on resting energy expenditure (REE) and the relationship of REE to weight gain in adolescent patients. METHODS Antipsychotic-naïve or quasi-naïve (<72 h of exposure to antipsychotics) adolescent(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The prevalence of malnutrition in hospitals is high. No nutritional screening tool is considered the gold standard for identifying nutritional risk. The aims of this study were to evaluate nutritional risk in hospitalized patients using four nutritional screening tools. SUBJECTS/METHODS Four nutritional screening tools were(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS To compare resting energy expenditure, measured by indirect calorimetry, to values estimated by different predictive formulas in adolescent patients with anorexia nervosa. METHODS We studied 22 female in-patients with a mean age of 14.7 years (SD 1.2). Resting energy expenditure was measured by indirect calorimetry (Deltatrac II(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study assesses the septic, thrombotic and hepatic complications and also the quality of life of patients with home parenteral nutrition (NPD in its Spanish acronym). METHODS The case histories of patients treated with NPD at our hospital were collected for the period January, 1986, to January, 2001. We had 20 patients, mean age 48(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The purpose of this systematic review was to locate and assess in patients with chronic renal disease the quality of scientific evidence to establish graded recommendations based on the efficacy and effectiveness of nutritional support. METHODS Computerized and online versions of MEDLINE (from 1989 through March 1999) and EMBASE (from(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperglycemia may increase mortality in patients who receive total parenteral nutrition (TPN). However, this has not been well studied in noncritically ill patients (i.e., patients in the nonintensive care unit setting). The aim of this study was to determine whether mean blood glucose level during TPN infusion is associated with increased(More)