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OBJECTIVE The present study assesses the septic, thrombotic and hepatic complications and also the quality of life of patients with home parenteral nutrition (NPD in its Spanish acronym). METHODS The case histories of patients treated with NPD at our hospital were collected for the period January, 1986, to January, 2001. We had 20 patients, mean age 48(More)
Use of n-3 fatty acids (FA) has been reported to be beneficial for cancer patients. We performed a systematic review of the literature in order to issue recommendations on the clinical use of n-3 FA in the cancer setting. A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane and Healthstar databases. We selected clinical trials or prospective(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperglycemia may increase mortality in patients who receive total parenteral nutrition (TPN). However, this has not been well studied in noncritically ill patients (i.e., patients in the nonintensive care unit setting). The aim of this study was to determine whether mean blood glucose level during TPN infusion is associated with increased(More)
Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a major complaint among older people. Dysphagia may cause two types of complications in these patients: (a) a decrease in the efficacy of deglutition leading to malnutrition and dehydration, (b) a decrease in deglutition safety, leading to tracheobronchial aspiration which results in aspiration pneumonia and can lead to death.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS To determine the prevalence of dysphagia in head and neck cancer patients treated with surgery and radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy. To study the impact of dysphagia on food habits, nutritional status, and quality of life. METHODS Retrospective cross-sectional study of 87 head and neck cancer patients treated with surgery and(More)
RATIONALE Nutritional depletion is a common problem in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. It is caused, to a large extent, by an imbalance between low-energy intake and high-energy requirements. This problem adversely affects morbidity and mortality. However, the use of nutritional supplements to reach their energy necessities requires(More)
OBJECTIVE Phytosterols present in parenteral nutrition (PN) lipid emulsions have been linked to phytosterolemia and cholestatic liver disease, although no direct relation has been established. We investigated the relation among plasma phytosterol (PY) infused, total plasma PY levels, and possible links to PN-associated liver disease. METHODS Twenty-seven(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Weight gain is an undesirable side effect of second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs). We performed this study to examine the influence of SGAs on resting energy expenditure (REE) and the relationship of REE to weight gain in adolescent patients. METHODS Antipsychotic-naïve or quasi-naïve (<72 h of exposure to antipsychotics) adolescent(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The prevalence of malnutrition in hospitals is high. No nutritional screening tool is considered the gold standard for identifying nutritional risk. The aims of this study were to evaluate nutritional risk in hospitalized patients using four nutritional screening tools. SUBJECTS/METHODS Four nutritional screening tools were(More)
Second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) are associated with weight gain and metabolic alterations including hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, hypertension and metabolic syndrome. These metabolic side effects increase cardiovascular risk and are related to medication non-compliance. Patients without previous exposure to these or other antipsychotic drugs (naive(More)