Pilar F. Valerón

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Rho proteins belong to the small GTPases superfamily. They function as molecular switches that, in response to diverse stimuli, control key signaling and structural aspects of the cell. Although early studies proposed a role for Rho GTPases in cellular transformation, this effect was underestimated due to the fact that no genetic mutations affecting(More)
HER-2/neu oncogene status and total cellular p185HER-2 content were simultaneously analyzed in 415 invasive breast-cancer specimens by differential PCR and ELISA respectively. Mathematical analysis of the data led us to establish a cut-off value of 1.7 for the ratio between the intensity of the HER-2/neu gene band and the reference gene band, to consider(More)
Serum lipids and apolipoprotein levels were measured in twenty postmenopausal women with primary breast cancer, before and three months after tamoxifen therapy (10 mg twice a day). Tamoxifen caused a significant reduction in total serum cholesterol (10%;P < 0.02), and in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (17%;P < 0.01), and a significant 47 % increase in(More)
The total cellular p185(HER-2/neu) protein (p185) content was measured by ELISA in 346 invasive primary breast cancers, and the results were compared with those of estrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) receptors, pS2 and Cathepsin D (Cat D) content. At a cut-off level of 260 fmol/mg protein, 53 of the 346 tumors (15%) were p185-positive. A significant(More)
Stats (signal transducers and activators of transcription) are latent cytoplasmic transcription factors that on a specific stimulus migrate to the nucleus and exert their transcriptional activity. Here we report a novel signaling pathway whereby RhoA can efficiently modulate Stat3 transcriptional activity by inducing its simultaneous tyrosine and serine(More)
Total cytosolic cathepsin D (Cat D) levels were estimated by an immunoradiometric assay in a series of 156 consecutive patients with surgical stages I-III primary endometrial adenocarcinoma. Simultaneously, the tissue content of both oestrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) receptors, and p185HER-2/neu, DNA content (ploidy), and the fraction of S-phase cells(More)
Anticoagulant rodenticides are highly toxic compounds that are widely used for pest control of rodents, but that also may threaten the wildlife's health. This work aimed to assess the exposure to first- and second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides (ARs) in six birds of prey species from the Canary Islands (Spain). The concentrations of seven widely used(More)
Several studies of environmental samples indicate that the levels of many persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are increasing in Africa, but few studies have been conducted in humans. Simultaneously, many African countries are experiencing a rapid economic growth and implementing information and communication technologies (ICT). These changes have generated(More)
PURPOSE To present the long-term results for screw-type implants consecutively placed in the pterygomaxillary-pyramidal region in the treatment of patients with posterior maxillary edentulism. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred fifty-two implants were inserted in 92 partially edentulous patients using cylindric osteotomes as bone-site formers, thus(More)
The high incidence of overexpression of some members of the Rho family of GTPases in human tumors suggests that (1) these proteins are involved in cancer onset, and (2) they are potential candidates for a therapeutic intervention. In recent years, the characterization of downstream effectors to Rho GTPases has provided crucial clues on the general cellular(More)