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Forty-eight representatives of 12 tribes attributed to the subfamily Pooideae s.l. of grasses (Monocots) have been studied by sequencing the more variable 3' end of the chloroplast ndhF gene. Six representatives from 5 different tribes of Poaceae (Oryzeae, Streptogyneae, Bambuseae, Arundineae, Phareae) and from Joinvilleaceae were used as outgroups.(More)
A phylogenetic reconstruction of eight species of the genusBrachypodium P. Beauv. (Poaceae) has been obtained combining sequence data from the chloroplastndhF gene and the nuclear ITS, and using five representatives of tribes Triticeae (Secale), Poeae (Lolium), Meliceae (Melica, Glyceria) and Oryzeae (Oryza) as out-groups. Similar numbers of informative(More)
Divergence times and biogeographical analyses have been conducted within the Loliinae, one of the largest subtribes of temperate grasses. New sequence data from representatives of the almost unexplored New World, New Zealand, and Eastern Asian centres were added to those of the panMediterranean region and used to reconstruct the phylogeny of the group and(More)
It is now a decade since Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) was suggested as a model species for temperate grasses and cereals. Since then transformation protocols, large expressed sequence tag (EST) databases, tools for forward and reverse genetic screens, highly refined cytogenetic probes, germplasm collections and, recently, a complete genome(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Brachypodium distachyon is being widely investigated across the world as a model plant for temperate cereals. This annual plant has three cytotypes (2n = 10, 20, 30) that are still regarded as part of a single species. Here, a multidisciplinary study has been conducted on a representative sampling of the three cytotypes to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Vella pseudocytisus subsp. paui (Cruciferae) is a narrow endemic plant to the Teruel province (eastern Spain), which is listed in the National Catalogue of Endangered Species. Two distinct ploidy levels (diploid, 2n = 34, and tetraploid, 2n = 68) have been reported for this taxon that belongs to the core subtribe Vellinae, a western(More)
Polyploidy is a common phenomenon occurring in a vast number of land plants. Investigations of patterns of inheritance and the origins of plants (i.e., autopolyploidy vs. allopolyploidy) usually involve cytogenetic and molecular studies of chromosome pairing, chromosome mapping, and marker segregation analysis through experimental crosses and progeny tests.(More)
New insights into evolutionary trends in the economically important oat tribe (Aveneae) are presented. Plastid trnT-F and nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences were used to reconstruct the phylogeny of the Aveneae-Poeae-Seslerieae complex (Pooideae, Poaceae) through Bayesian- and maximum parsimony-based analyses, separately and in combination. The plastid data(More)
A systematic revision of sections Eskia Willkomm, Pseudatropis Krivotulenko, Amphigenes (Janka) Tzvelev, Pseudoscariosa Krivotulenko and Scariosae Hackel of the genus Festuca L. (Poaceae) is presented here. Taxonomic circumscriptions of these groups and phylogenetic relationships among them and with respect to other Festuca lineages have been achieved after(More)
The occurrence of Stowaway MITEs and their potential footprints in the grasses was assessed within an explicit phylogenetic framework. An organismal tree was used to analyze the distribution and evolutionary dynamics of these elements and their potential excision footprints in the fourth intron of the β-amylase gene and in other introns of several nuclear(More)