Pil-Jae Kong

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In the present study, the underlying protective mechanism of melatonin on kainic acid (KA)-induced excitotoxicity was examined in the hippocampus of mice. KA, administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.), induced marked neuronal cell death with concurrent microglial activation and subsequent induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the(More)
Melatonin has been reported to protect neurons from a variety of neurotoxicity. However, the underlying mechanism by which melatonin exerts its neuroprotective property has not yet been clearly understood. We previously demonstrated that melatonin protected kainic acid-induced neuronal cell death in mouse hippocampus, accompanied by sustained activation of(More)
Given that mutant huntingtin may cause dysregulation of gene expression in striatal neurons leading to the neuronal death, we examined the expression level of Bcl-2 interacting mediator of cell death (Bim) in immortalized wild type STHdh(Q7) and knock-in mutant STHdh(Q111) striatal cell lines to understand the underlying mechanism by which mutant huntingtin(More)
Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) has been implicated as a potential immune stimulant in activating microglia, which can cause chronic neurodegeneration. In this study, we examined the involvement of different types of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) by dsRNA in microglial cells. Nitric oxide(More)
Microglial cells are thought to be major inflammatory cells in the central nervous system; however, sufficient information about the effects of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) in microglial cells is lacking. The present study compared the innate immune responses of the murine microglial cell line BV2 to dsRNA and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). It showed that the(More)
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