Piia Kaikkonen

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Since heart rate variability (HRV) during the first minutes of the recovery after exercise has barely been studied, we wanted to find out HRV dynamics immediately after five different constant-speed exercises. Thirteen sedentary women performed two low-intensity (3,500 m [3,500(LI)] and 7,000 m [7,000(LI)] at 50% of the velocity of VO(2max) [vVO(2max)]),(More)
Overload principle of training states that training load (TL) must be sufficient to threaten the homeostasis of cells, tissues, organs and/or body. However, there is no “golden standard” for TL measurement. The aim of the present study was to investigate if post-exercise heart rate variability (HRV) could be used to evaluate TL of interval running exercises(More)
The effects of endurance training on endurance performance characteristics and cardiac autonomic modulation during night sleep were investigated during two 4-week training periods. After the first 4-week training period (3 x 40 min per week, at 75% of HRR) the subjects were divided into HIGH group (n = 7), who performed three high-intensity endurance(More)
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