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The isotropic magnetic moment of a free atom is shown to develop giant magnetic anisotropy energy due to symmetry reduction at an atomically ordered surface. Single cobalt atoms deposited onto platinum (111) are found to have a magnetic anisotropy energy of 9 millielectron volts per atom arising from the combination of unquenched orbital moments (1.1 Bohr(More)
Methods to manipulate the magnetization of ferromagnets by means of local electric fields or current-induced spin transfer torque allow the design of integrated spintronic devices with reduced dimensions and energy consumption compared with conventional magnetic field actuation. An alternative way to induce a spin torque using an electric current has been(More)
Two-dimensional systems, such as ultrathin epitaxial films and superlattices, display magnetic properties distinct from bulk materials. A challenging aim of current research in magnetism is to explore structures of still lower dimensionality. As the dimensionality of a physical system is reduced, magnetic ordering tends to decrease as fluctuations become(More)
Designing systems with large magnetic anisotropy is critical to realize nanoscopic magnets. Thus far, the magnetic anisotropy energy per atom in single-molecule magnets and ferromagnetic films remains typically one to two orders of magnitude below the theoretical limit imposed by the atomic spin-orbit interaction. We realized the maximum magnetic anisotropy(More)
X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) have been used to study transition metal impurities on K and Na films. The multiplet structure of the XAS spectra indicates that Fe, Co, and Ni have localized atomic ground states with predominantly d7, d8, and d9 character, respectively. XMCD shows that the localized impurity(More)
Modern computing technology is based on writing, storing and retrieving information encoded as magnetic bits. Although the giant magnetoresistance effect has improved the electrical read out of memory elements, magnetic writing remains the object of major research efforts. Despite several reports of methods to reverse the polarity of nanosized magnets by(More)
  • F. Di Silverio, M. Gallucci, +6 authors P. P. Gazzaniga
  • 1990
The present study deals with blood cell behaviour and related hematochemical changes occurring in man after exposure to extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). The following parameters have been investigated, before and after treatment, in a longitudinal study carried out on 58 patients of our Center: RBC count, Ht, Blood Hb, Plasma Hb, autohemolysis(More)
Recent demonstrations of magnetization switching induced by in-plane current injection in heavy metal/ferromagnetic heterostructures have drawn increasing attention to spin torques based on orbital-to-spin momentum transfer. The symmetry, magnitude and origin of spin-orbit torques (SOTs), however, remain a matter of debate. Here we report on the(More)
Advances in molecular electronics depend on the ability to control the charge and spin of single molecules at the interface with a metal. Here we show that bonding of metal-organic complexes to a metallic substrate induces the formation of coupled metal-ligand spin states, increasing the spin degeneracy of the molecules and opening multiple spin relaxation(More)
Magnetic atoms at surfaces are a rich model system for solid-state magnetic bits exhibiting either classical or quantum behaviour. Individual atoms, however, are difficult to arrange in regular patterns. Moreover, their magnetic properties are dominated by interaction with the substrate, which, as in the case of Kondo systems, often leads to a decrease or(More)