Pietro Gallina

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Despite recent advances in the molecular genetics of type 2 diabetes, the majority of susceptibility genes in humans remain to be identified. We therefore conducted a 10-cM genomewide search (401 microsatellite markers) for type 2 diabetes-related traits in 637 members of 143 French pedigrees ascertained through multiple diabetic siblings, to map such genes(More)
BACKGROUND The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is represented by a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). In spite of its high frequency and strong association with morbidity and mortality in the adult population, little is known about its magnitude in elderly persons. METHODS We assessed the prevalence of MetS by diabetic status and sex in(More)
BACKGROUND Administrative databases are widely available and have been extensively used to provide estimates of chronic disease prevalence for the purpose of surveillance of both geographical and temporal trends. There are, however, other sources of data available, such as medical records from primary care and national surveys. In this paper we compare(More)
Type 2 diabetes is frequently associated with an inflammatory status; the relationships between low-grade inflammation and diabetic nephropathy are still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships between acute-phase markers of inflammation, glomerular structure, and albumin excretion rate (AER) in type 2 diabetes. In 74 patients with(More)
Aims/hypothesis. The region 2p21–23, containing the proopiomelanocortin gene (POMC), was reported to be linked to leptin concentrations in Mexican-American, French and African-American cohorts. A polyhormone peptide, POMC is expressed in brain, gut, placenta and pancreas. The POMC mutations are responsible for rare cases of early-onset obesity. Thus we(More)
Iron deficiency responses were investigated in roots of soybean, a Strategy I plant species. Soybean responds to iron deficiency by decreasing growth, both at the root and shoot level. Chlorotic symptoms in younger leaves were evident after a few days of iron deficiency, with chlorophyll content being dramatically decreased. Moreover, several important(More)
Consumer demand is oriented toward onion cultivars with lower pungency, and the pyruvic acid content of onions is highly correlated with their pungency. Therefore, breeding programmes might be based on the pyruvic acid content of the parental bulbs. The present study was performed using 97 onion clones with the aim of correlating the pyruvic acid levels(More)
Diabetes is the most common cause of ESRD in Western countries. This article describes the impact of glycemic control in the various stages of the disease and considers the impact of tight glycemic control on the development and progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN). The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial and the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetic(More)
We studied the role of diabetic complications and comorbidity in the association between diabetes and disability in the elderly. Data were from a nationally representative sample of 5632 older Italians, aged 65 years and older, and who participated in the Italian Longitudinal Study on Aging. Clinical diagnoses of diabetes and other major chronic conditions(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop and validate a Multidimensional Prognostic Index (MPI) for mortality based on information collected by the Multidimensional Assessment Schedule (SVaMA), the recommended standard tool for multidimensional assessment of community-dwelling older subjects in seven Italian regions. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS(More)