Pietro Biagio Carrieri

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BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with increased health risk and has been associated with alterations in bacterial gut microbiota, with mainly a reduction in Bacteroidetes, but few data exist at the genus and species level. It has been reported that the Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium genus representatives may have a critical role in weight regulation as(More)
We analyzed the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leptin secretion and the interaction between serum leptin and CD4(+)CD25+ regulatory T cells (T(Regs)) in naive-to-therapy relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients. Leptin production was significantly increased in both serum and CSF of RRMS patients and correlated with IFN-gamma secretion in(More)
We evaluated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum concentrations of interleukin-1-alpha (IL-1-alpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in 30 patients with AIDS dementia complex (ADC), and in 20 HIV-seronegative subjects with other neurological diseases (OND). CSF TNF-alpha, IL-1-alpha and IL-6 were more frequently detectable(More)
We detected the cytokines interleukin-6 (IL-6) and granulocyte macrophage-CSF (GM-CSF) by ELISA in the CSF and serum of 30 HIV-infected patients classified as AIDS dementia complex (ADC), and 20 subjects with other neurological diseases (OND). We have found a high incidence of detectable IL-6 and GM-CSF in the CSF of ADC patients compared with OND patients.(More)
The relation between depression and epilepsy was evaluated in 96 epileptic out-patients. We found that 50% of epileptic patients fulfilled the DSM-IIIR criteria for depression. The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, the Beck Self Depression Inventory and the Zung Anxiety Scale were also used in all patients. The patients with partial seizures with(More)
We have studied 122 patients (52 men and 70 women) with definite Multiple Sclerosis (MS) to evaluate the frequency and clinical characteristics of pain in MS. The Hamilton Rating Scale for depression, the Beck-Self Depression Inventory and the Kurtzke Disability Status Scale were used in all patients. We have divided the patients with pain in two groups:(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the incidence and the prevalence of neutralising antibodies (NABs) to three interferon beta (IFNbeta) products in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS Sera were tested from 125 patients with relapsing-remitting MS. Patients were treated with IFNbeta-1b (Betaferon, n = 29) 8 MIU subcutaneously every other day, IFNbeta-1a(More)
We evaluated the effect of 25 mg bid amitriptyline on muscle contraction headache in 36 patients with Parkinson's disease in a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study. Treatment lasted 12 weeks, and we assessed the efficacy by number of days with headache, sum-of-severity score (intensity X number of days with headache), and consumption of(More)
Depression is a common psychiatric problem associated with epilepsy. Interictal depressive symptoms are more frequent and severe in epileptic patients than in subjects with comparable chronic neurologic diseases or physical handicaps. Epileptic depression was characterized as major or dysthymic: bipolar depression is rarely described. Several Authors are of(More)
Clinical and experimental data, together with epidemiological studies, have suggested that the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) might involve factors that link the immune system with metabolic status. Moreover, recent research has shown that leptin, the adipocyte-derived hormone that controls food intake and metabolism, can promote experimental(More)