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BACKGROUND In many countries, the reported pertussis has increased despite high vaccination coverage. However, accurate determination of the burden of disease is hampered by reporting artifacts. The infection frequency is more reliably estimated on the basis of the prevalence of high IgG concentrations against pertussis toxin (IgG-Ptx). We determined(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the persistence of measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria and tetanus antibodies between patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and healthy controls. METHODS Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) and diphtheria-tetanus toxoid (DT)-specific immunoglobulin G antibody concentrations were compared between 400 patients with JIA and 2176(More)
A competitive ELISA method is described for the measurement of total antibodies to the capsular polysaccharide of Haemophilus influenzae type b (HibCPS) in human sera. The competitive method showed an excellent correlation to the radioantigen binding assay (RABA, or Farr assay) and improved correlation of sera with low titers with respect to the more(More)
The localization of several GTP-binding regulatory proteins in teh apical membrane of intestinal epithelial cells has prompted us to investigate a possible role for G-proteins as modulators of apical Cl- channels. In membrane vesicles isolated from rat small intestine or human HT29-cl.19A colon carcinoma cells, the entrapment of guanosine(More)
To increase testing of vaccine induced humoral immunity in immune surveillance studies and vaccine trials, a rapid and simple microsphere-based multiplex assay (pentaplex) was developed for the quantitation of IgG serum antibodies directed against the Bordetella pertussis antigens: Pertussis Toxin (Ptx), Filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA), Pertactin (Prn) and(More)
BACKGROUND In 2002 a Meningococcal serogroup C (MenC) conjugate vaccine, with tetanus toxoid as carrier protein, was introduced in the Netherlands as a single-dose at 14 months of age. A catch-up campaign was performed targeting all individuals aged 14 months to 18 years. We determined the MenC-specific immunity before and after introduction of the MenC(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal antibodies, transported through the placenta during pregnancy, contribute to the protection of infants from infectious diseases during the first months of life. The aim of this study was to measure the concentration of antibodies against several vaccine-preventable diseases in paired maternal and cord blood serum samples in preterm and(More)
IMPORTANCE Immunization schedules with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) differ among countries regarding the number of doses, age at vaccinations, and interval between doses. OBJECTIVE To assess the optimal primary vaccination schedule by comparing immunogenicity of 13-valent PCV (PCV13) in 4 different immunization schedules. DESIGN, SETTING, AND(More)
Although vaccines have been used for a long time and different types of vaccines have been developed, as yet no fully synthetic vaccines have been produced. The production of fully synthetic vaccines has probably not been realized so far due to the structural limitations of linear synthetic peptides to mimic the native shape of protein fragments which is(More)
Bordetella pertussis is re-emerging in several countries with a high vaccine uptake. Analysis of clinical isolates revealed antigenic divergence between vaccine strains and circulating strains with respect to P.69 pertactin. Polymorphisms in P.69 pertactin are mainly limited to regions comprised of amino acid repeats, designated region 1 and region 2.(More)