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The ventral striatum, which prominently includes the nucleus accumbens (Acb), is a heterogeneous area. Within the Acb of rats, a peripherally located shell and a centrally situated core can be recognized that have different connectional, neurochemical, and functional identities. Although the Acb core resembles in many respects the dorsally adjacent(More)
Since its conception three decades ago, the idea that the striatum consists of a dorsal sensorimotor part and a ventral portion processing limbic information has sparked a quest for functional correlates and anatomical characteristics of the striatal divisions. But this classic dorsal-ventral distinction might not offer the best view of striatal function.(More)
The present study shows that in the prenatal rat neocortex the GABA immunoreactive neurons are not limited to the marginal, subplate, and intermediate zones, but are also found in all fetal zones of the cerebral anlage. The first GABA-ergic cells are observed on embryonic day 14 in the plexiform primordium. On embryonic day 15, a second population of(More)
From a Wistar population two rat lines were generated using as criterion the behavioral response to the dopamine agonist apomorphine. Rats of the apomorphine-susceptible (apo-sus) line revealed a vigorous gnawing response to apomorphine administration while the other rat line, the apomorphine-unsusceptible (apo-unsus) line, was selected for lack of response(More)
The distribution of vasotocin in the brain of the lizard Gekko gecko was studied with immunocytochemical methods. Vasotocinergic cells were found in the nucleus supraopticus, the nucleus paraventricularis, the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, and in the rhombencephalon. Vasotocinergic fibers were found in the preoptic area, the lateral and ventral(More)
Repeated exposure to psychostimulant drugs causes a long-lasting increase in the psychomotor and reinforcing effects of these drugs and an array of neuroadaptations. One such alteration is a hypersensitivity of striatal activity such that a low dose of amphetamine in sensitized animals produces dorsal striatal activation patterns similar to acute treatment(More)
In the adult rat the striatum is a compartmentalized structure, which is reflected in the inhomogeneous distribution of dopamine. As a first step to test the hypothesis that dopamine plays an organizational role in the development of the striatum, the ontogeny of the dopaminergic system was studied in detail with immunocytochemical methods employing(More)
Various processes might explain the progression from casual to compulsive drug use underlying the development of drug addiction. Two of these, accelerated stimulus-response (S-R) habit learning and augmented assignment of motivational value to reinforcers, could be mediated via neuroadaptations associated with long-lasting sensitization to psychostimulant(More)
In the caudate-putamen of the rat a patch/matrix organization can be recognized on the basis of the immunohistochemical distribution of several markers, which include enkephalin, substance P, dopamine, and calcium-binding protein. In the present experiments the distributional relations of these markers were investigated in the nucleus accumbens. The(More)
We found that magnocellular oxytocin neurons in adult female rats exhibit an endogenous GABA(A) receptor subunit switch around parturition: a decrease in alpha1:alpha2 subunit mRNA ratio correlated with a decrease in allopregnanolone potentiation and increase in decay time constant of the GABA(A) receptor-mediated IPSCs in these cells. The causal(More)