Pieter L. J. Degraeuwe

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Amoxicillin plasma concentrations, pharmacokinetic parameters, and the influence of demographic, anthropometric, and clinical covariates were investigated in 150 neonates. Gestational age (GA) ranged from 25 to 42 weeks and mean postnatal age (PNA) was 0.8 days. Amoxicillin concentrations were measured with reversed-phase HPLC in surplus plasma from routine(More)
BACKGROUND There is debate concerning the safety and efficacy of antenatal steroids in preterm labour with suspected intrauterine infection (chorioamnionitis). OBJECTIVES We performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis aimed at evaluating the efficacy and safety of antenatal steroids in clinical and histological chorioamnionitis. SEARCH(More)
In total 235 flucloxacillin total (free+protein bound) plasma concentrations were determined in 55 neonates (gestational age 26 to 42 weeks, postnatal age 0 to 44 days) with reversed-phase HPLC in surplus plasma samples from routine gentamicin assays. Population pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated according to an one compartment open model with(More)
OBJECTIVES To improve diagnosis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) by noninvasive markers representing gut wall integrity loss (I-FABP and claudin-3) and gut wall inflammation (calprotectin). Furthermore, the usefulness of I-FABP to predict NEC severity and to screen for NEC was evaluated. METHODS Urinary I-FABP and claudin-3 concentrations and fecal(More)
The pharmacokinetic parameters of amoxicillin were determined in 32 newborn infants aged 10 to 52 days (mean postnatal age, 24.7 +/- 12.4 days) to improve amoxicillin dosing in this age group. Amoxicillin plasma concentrations were determined using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography in surplus plasma samples from routine gentamicin(More)
Few reports have addressed neonatal rifampicin plasma concentrations and data on neonatal rifampicin pharmacokinetics are completely lacking. Therefore, plasma concentrations of rifampicin and its main metabolite 25-O-desacetylrifampicin (DES) were measured in 123 surplus plasma samples from routine vancomycin monitoring in 21 neonates using reversed-phase(More)
Four patients with Jadassohn nevus phakomatosis (linear nevus sebaceus syndrome, Schimmelpenning-Feuerstein syndrome) are described. Neuroradiological findings consisted of skull asymmetry shown by X-rays and hemimegalencephaly with ventricular system asymmetry on CT. Three of the patients showed, in addition, a widened insula. In two patients areas of(More)
The isoxazolyl penicillins, including flucloxacillin, have the highest levels of plasma protein binding among the semisynthetic penicillins. Because only the free fraction of the penicillin is pharmacologically active, it would be useful to measure both protein-bound and free flucloxacillin to determine its protein binding. Until now, flucloxacillin protein(More)
Population pharmacokinetic parameter estimates were calculated from 725 routine plasma gentamicin concentrations obtained in 177 neonates of 24 to 42 weeks' gestational age in their first week of life. Kel increases and V/W decreases with increasing gestational age. Almost identical results were obtained with iterative two-stage Bayesian fitting (MW\PHARM(More)