Pieter Jan Coenraads

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BACKGROUND Continual surveillance based on patch test results has proved useful for the identification of contact allergy. OBJECTIVES To provide a current view on the spectrum of contact allergy to important sensitizers across Europe. PATIENTS/METHODS Clinical and patch test data of 19 793 patients patch tested in 2005/2006 in the 31 participating(More)
Hand eczema (HE) is one of the most frequent skin diseases and has often a chronically relapsing course with a poor prognosis resulting in a high social and economic impact for the individual and the society. In this article, we highlight the results of an expert workshop on the 'management of severe chronic hand eczema' with the focus on the epidemiology,(More)
This is one of series of review articles on formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasers (others: formaldehyde in cosmetics, in clothes and in metalworking fluids and miscellaneous). Thirty-five chemicals were identified as being formaldehyde-releasers. Although a further seven are listed in the literature as formaldehyde-releasers, data are inadequate to(More)
BACKGROUND The pattern of contact sensitization to the supposedly most important allergens assembled in the baseline series differs between countries, presumably at least partly because of exposure differences. Objectives. To describe the prevalence of contact sensitization to allergens tested in consecutive patients in the years 2007 and 2008, and to(More)
This study aims to describe the range of treatment comparisons, study designs and quality of reporting of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in psoriasis published in a variety of medical and dermatological journals, and to analyze time trends with quality items. Hand-searching of clinical trials of psoriasis published from 1977 to 2000 in 13 medical or(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the quality of reporting in observational studies in dermatology. DATA SOURCES Five dermatology journals-the Archives of Dermatology, the British Journal of Dermatology, the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, the Journal of Investigative Dermatology, and Acta Dermato-Venereologica. STUDY SELECTION Cohort, case-control,(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a ubiquitously distributed endocrine-disrupting chemical and reproductive toxicant. In order to elucidate low-dose TCDD-mediated effects on reproductive or endocrine functions, female Sprague-Dawley rats were orally administered various concentrations (20, 50, or 125 ng/kg once weekly) TCDD for 29 wk. A(More)
This is part of a series of review articles on formaldehyde-releasers and their relationship to formaldehyde contact allergy. Formaldehyde-releasers used in metalworking fluids (MWF) and a group of releasers not presented in previous articles are discussed. Here, in Part 1 of the article, there is a short overview of the composition and functions of MWF,(More)
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is defined as the integration of the best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values. Based on the principles of EBM, we can conclude that patch testing is cost-effective only if patients are selected on the basis of a clear-cut clinical suspicion of contact allergy and only if patients are tested with(More)
Coal tar is an effective treatment for psoriasis and eczema, but it contains several carcinogenic compounds. Occupational and animal studies have shown an increased risk of cancer after exposure to coal tar. Many dermatologists have abandoned this treatment for safety reasons, although the risk of cancer after coal tar in dermatological practice is unclear.(More)