Pieter Jaap Gaillard

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The central nervous system (CNS) is a sanctuary site and is protected by various barriers. These regulate brain homeostasis and the transport of endogenous and exogenous compounds by controlling their selective and specific uptake, efflux, and metabolism in the brain. Unfortunately, potential drugs for the treatment of most brain diseases are therefore(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to establish a flexible, abundantly available, reproducible and functionally characterized in vitro model of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). METHODS In a first step, bovine brain capillaries and newborn rat astrocytes were isolated. Subsequently, a co-culture of primary brain capillary endothelial cells (BCEC) on semi-permeable filter(More)
The safest and most effective way of targeting drugs to the entire brain is via delivery systems directed at endogenous receptor-mediated uptake mechanisms present at the cerebral capillaries. Such systems have been shown to be effective in animal models including primates, but no clinical trials have been performed so far. This review focuses on the(More)
Lipopolysaccharide-induced changes in blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability were investigated with a pharmacological approach in vitro. Lipopolysaccharide induced a concentration- and time-dependent (non)reversible opening of the BBB, and brain astrocytes make brain capillary endothelial cells (BCEC) resistant to this BBB disruption. De novo protein(More)
In this paper we discuss the importance of the blood–brain barrier (BBB) as an interface between blood and brain. Many (brain) diseases change the functionality and integrity of the BBB. Mostly this results in increased BBB permeability. Therefore we have studied de various signal transduction routes that are influenced by inflammatory stimuli. The radical(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to test the hypothesis that the assessment of basal and drug-induced changes in permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) during in vitro drug transport assays is essential for an accurate estimation of the permeability coefficient of a drug. METHODS An in vitro BBB model was used, comprising of brain capillary endothelial cells(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB), together with the blood-cerebrospinal-fluid barrier, protects and regulates the homeostasis of the brain. However, these barriers also limit the transport of small-molecule and, particularly, biopharmaceutical drugs such as proteins, genes and interference RNA to the brain, thereby limiting the treatment of many brain(More)
The pharmacological effect of glucocorticoids and type 1 interferons (IFNs), simultaneously used as therapeuticals for multiple sclerosis (MS), on the (inflamed) blood-brain barrier (BBB) was investigated in vitro. Although both drugs additively decreased BBB permeability, they did not prevent the increase in BBB permeability induced by lipopolysaccharide(More)
Brain cancer is a devastating disease affecting many people worldwide. Effective treatment with chemotherapeutics is limited due to the presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) that tightly regulates the diffusion of endogenous molecules but also xenobiotics. Glutathione pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (2B3-101) is being developed as a new treatment option(More)
Purpose. To investigate the influence of astrocytes on P-glycoprotein (Pgp) expression and intracellular accumulation of Pgp substrates, separate from their net transcellular transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Methods. An in vitroBBB model was used, comprising of brain capillary endothelial cells (BCEC) monolayers or BCEC co-cultured with(More)