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Activated protein C (APC) is a serine protease with potent anticoagulant properties, which is formed in blood on the endothelium from an inactive precursor. During normal haemostasis, APC limits clot formation by proteolytic inactivation of factors Va and VIIIa (ref. 2). To do this efficiently the enzyme needs a nonenzymatic cofactor, protein S (ref. 3).(More)
We have examined the prothrombin gene as a candidate gene for venous thrombosis in selected patients with a documented familial history of venous thrombophilia. All the exons and the 5'- and 3'-UT region of the prothrombin gene were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing in 28 probands. Except for known polymorphic sites, no deviations(More)
A variant in prothrombin (clotting factor II), a G to A transition at nucleotide position 20210, has recently been shown to be associated with the prothrombin plasma levels and the risk of both venous and arterial thrombosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of carriership of this mutation in various populations. We combined data(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested that hyperhomocysteinemia may be a risk factor for venous thrombosis. To assess the risk of venous thrombosis associated with hyperhomocysteinemia, we studied plasma homocysteine levels in patients with a first episode of deep-vein thrombosis and in normal control subjects. METHODS We measured plasma homocysteine(More)
Resistance to activated protein C (APC) is a common inherited risk factor for venous thrombosis, which is associated with a mutation in coagulation factor V (factor V Leiden). We investigated the risk of venous thrombosis in individuals homozygous for this abnormality. We determined the factor V Leiden genotype in 471 consecutive patients aged less than 70(More)
BACKGROUND In a population-based study, we examined the relationship between the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) among young women and plasma total homocysteine (tHCY), folate, vitamin B12, and a common cytosine (C) to thymine (T) polymorphism in the gene for 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR). METHODS AND RESULTS In-person interviews and(More)
We report a C/T dimorphism in the thrombomodulin (TM) gene that predicts an Ala455----Val replacement in the sixth EGF-like domain of TM. This dimorphism has allelic frequencies of 82 (Ala) and 18% (Val) in a normal population. In a group of protein C deficient patients and in a group of subjects with unexplained thrombophilia the allelic frequencies were(More)
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] stimulates bone resorption in man and other vertebrates, in part, by increasing the number of osteoclasts, the principal resorbing cells of bone. Because osteoclasts are very likely derived from a member(s) of the mononuclear phagocyte family, we determined if 1,25(OH)2D3 promotes maturation of these cells by studying(More)
We investigated whether the occurrence of venous thrombosis in young women who use oral contraceptives might be explained by the factor V Leiden mutation, which leads to resistance to activated protein C and enhances susceptibility to thrombosis. We compared 155 consecutive premenopausal women, aged 15 to 49, who had developed deep venous thrombosis in the(More)
Venous thrombosis, whose main clinical presentations include deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, represents a major health problem worldwide. Numerous conditions are known to predispose to venous thrombosis and these conditions are commonly referred to as risk indicators or risk factors. Generally accepted or "classically" acquired risk factors for(More)