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Activated protein C (APC) is a serine protease with potent anticoagulant properties, which is formed in blood on the endothelium from an inactive precursor. During normal haemostasis, APC limits clot formation by proteolytic inactivation of factors Va and VIIIa (ref. 2). To do this efficiently the enzyme needs a nonenzymatic cofactor, protein S (ref. 3).(More)
We investigated whether the occurrence of venous thrombosis in young women who use oral contraceptives might be explained by the factor V Leiden mutation, which leads to resistance to activated protein C and enhances susceptibility to thrombosis. We compared 155 consecutive premenopausal women, aged 15 to 49, who had developed deep venous thrombosis in the(More)
The eighth edition of the haemophilia B database (http://www.umds.ac. uk/molgen/haemBdatabase.htm ) lists in an easily accessible form all known factor IX mutations due to small changes (base substitutions and short additions and/or deletions of <30 bp) identified in haemophilia B patients. The 1713 patient entries are ordered by the nucleotide number of(More)
The seventh edition of the haemophilia B database lists in easily accessible form all known factor IX mutations due to small changes (base substitutions and short additions and/or deletions of <30 bp) identified in haemophilia B patients. The 1535 patient entries are ordered by the nucleotide number of their mutation. Where known, details are given on:(More)
The sixth edition of the haemophilia B database lists in easily accessible form all known factor IX mutations due to small changes (base substitutions and short additions and/or deletions of <30 bp) identified in haemophilia B patients. The 1380 patient entries are ordered by the nucleotide number of their mutation. Where known, details are given on factor(More)
Triggering of the tissue factor (TF)-dependent coagulation pathway is considered to underlie the generation of a procoagulant state during endotoxemia. To determine the in vivo pattern of monocytic TF messenger RNA (mRNA) expression during endotoxemia, 10 healthy volunteers were injected with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 4 ng/kg) and blood was collected before(More)
BACKGROUND The host response to dengue virus infection is characterized by the production of numerous cytokines, but the overall picture appears to be complex. It has been suggested that a balance may be involved between protective and pathologic immune responses. This study aimed to define differential immune responses in association with clinical outcomes(More)
HL-60, a cell line established from a patient with promyelocytic leukaemia, responds to a variety of inducing agents by ceasing division and acquiring some of the characteristics of either granulocytes or monocytes. Among the agents so far tested, only a comparative few occur naturally in vertebrates and would appear to have significant clinical potential(More)
The thrombomodulin-protein C-protein S (TM-PC-PS) pathway exerts anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory effects. We investigated the role of TM in the pulmonary immune response in vivo by the use of mice with a mutation in the TM gene (TM(pro/pro)) that was earlier found to result in a minimal capacity for activated PC (APC) generation in the circulation. We(More)
The relevance of heterozygosity for hereditary protein C deficiency as a risk factor for venous thrombosis has been disputed because heterozygotes without symptoms have been identified among blood donors and relatives of homozygotes. As a result, clinicians do not know whether to offer prophylaxis or not. We have compared thrombosis-free survival in 161(More)