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Activated protein C (APC) is a serine protease with potent anticoagulant properties, which is formed in blood on the endothelium from an inactive precursor. During normal haemostasis, APC limits clot formation by proteolytic inactivation of factors Va and VIIIa (ref. 2). To do this efficiently the enzyme needs a nonenzymatic cofactor, protein S (ref. 3).(More)
Resistance to activated protein C (APC) is a common inherited risk factor for venous thrombosis, which is associated with a mutation in coagulation factor V (factor V Leiden). We investigated the risk of venous thrombosis in individuals homozygous for this abnormality. We determined the factor V Leiden genotype in 471 consecutive patients aged less than 70(More)
We investigated whether the occurrence of venous thrombosis in young women who use oral contraceptives might be explained by the factor V Leiden mutation, which leads to resistance to activated protein C and enhances susceptibility to thrombosis. We compared 155 consecutive premenopausal women, aged 15 to 49, who had developed deep venous thrombosis in the(More)
Factor V Leiden (factor V Arg506Gln), the genetic defect underlying resistance to activated protein C, is the most common risk factor for venous thrombosis. The relationship between this genetic abnormality and arterial disease is still unresolved. To assess whether factor V Leiden increases the risk of myocardial infarction (MI), we conducted a(More)
The eighth edition of the haemophilia B database (http://www.umds.ac. uk/molgen/haemBdatabase.htm ) lists in an easily accessible form all known factor IX mutations due to small changes (base substitutions and short additions and/or deletions of <30 bp) identified in haemophilia B patients. The 1713 patient entries are ordered by the nucleotide number of(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested that levels of inflammatory mediators are risk indicators for venous thrombotic disease. We have sought to confirm and extend these findings by measuring plasma tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and IL-12p70 levels in a case-control study for venous thrombotic disease. (More)
There are no risk models available yet that accurately predict a person's risk for developing venous thrombosis. Our aim was therefore to explore whether inclusion of established thrombosis-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a venous thrombosis risk model improves the risk prediction. We calculated genetic risk scores by counting(More)
Several studies have found an association between high plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) levels and myocardial infarction. Whether this is causal or a consequence of atherosclerosis or tissue damage, remains unclear. Homozygous carriers of the 4G allele of the 4G/5G polymorphism in the PAI-1 gene have higher PAI-1 levels compared to carriers of the(More)
The seventh edition of the haemophilia B database lists in easily accessible form all known factor IX mutations due to small changes (base substitutions and short additions and/or deletions of <30 bp) identified in haemophilia B patients. The 1535 patient entries are ordered by the nucleotide number of their mutation. Where known, details are given on:(More)
HL-60, a cell line established from a patient with promyelocytic leukaemia, responds to a variety of inducing agents by ceasing division and acquiring some of the characteristics of either granulocytes or monocytes. Among the agents so far tested, only a comparative few occur naturally in vertebrates and would appear to have significant clinical potential(More)