Pieter F.W. Stouten

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The adenovirus fibre is a trimeric protein with a globular head on a long thin shaft that projects from the twelve fivefold vertices of the virion. The shaft region of the fibre primary sequence has a unique pseudo-repeating motif of 15 residues. Using constraints derived from sequence analysis, the trimeric nature of the fibre, the experimental(More)
The molecular modeling studies, rational design, and synthesis of a novel series of bisphenylamidine carboxylate compounds which are inhibitors of factor Xa in the blood coagulation cascade are described. Inhibition of blood coagulation has been proposed to have several potential therapeutic utilities (Kaiser and Hauptmann, Cardiovasc. Drug Rev. 1994, 12,(More)
The three-dimensional structure of the highly toxic crotoxin from Crotalus durissus terrificus was modelled based on sequence analysis and the refined structure of calcium-free phospholipase of Crotalus atrox venom. Small-angle x-ray scattering experiments were performed on aqueous solutions of crotoxin. The radial distribution function derived from these(More)
The dynamic and static properties of molecular dynamics simulations using various methods for treating solvent were compared. The SH3 protein domain was chosen as a test case because of its small size and high surface-to-volume ratio. The simulations were analyzed in structural terms by examining crystal packing, distribution of polar residues, and(More)
The transition of guanine nucleotide binding proteins between the 'on' (GTP-bound) and 'off' (GDP-bound) states has become a paradigm of molecular switching after a chemical reaction. The mechanism by which the switch signal is transmitted to the downstream recipients in the intracellular signal pathway has been extensively studied by biochemical,(More)
In protein engineering and design it is very important that residues can be inspected in their specific environment. A standard relational database system cannot serve this purpose adequately because it cannot handle relations between individual residues. With SCAN3D we introduce a new database system for integrated sequence and structure analysis of(More)
The serine protease factor Xa is a critical enzyme in the blood coagulation cascade. Recently, the inhibition of factor Xa has begun to emerge as an attractive strategy for the discovery of novel antithrombotic agents. Here we describe pyrrolidine and isoxazolidine benzamidines as novel and potent inhibitors of factor Xa.
In this report we discuss the design, synthesis, and validation of a novel series of cyclic urea inhibitors of the blood coagulation protein Factor Xa. This work culminates in compound 11, a monoamidine inhibitor of fXa employing a new S4 ligand that reduces the cationic character of these analogs. Compound 11 represents a lead for a series of more potent(More)
In this report refinements to the S4 ligand group leads to compound 19, an inhibitor of fXa with good potency in vitro and an improved pharmacokinetic profile in rabbit. The X-ray crystallographic study of a representative analogue confirms our binding model for this series.
Thrombotic diseases are a major cause of death and morbidity. Factor Xa (fXa) plays a vital role in the regulation of normal homeostasis and abnormal intravascular thrombus development in the blood coagulation cascade. A novel series of fXa inhibitors incorporating an amidino 6,5-fused bicyclic moiety at the P1 position has been designed and synthesized(More)