Pieter De Smet

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Calcium (Ca2+) is an almost universal intracellular messenger, controlling a diverse range of cellular processes, such as gene transcription, muscle contraction and cell proliferation. The ability of a simple ion such as Ca2+ to play a pivotal role in cell biology results from the facility that cells have to shape Ca2+ signals in the dimensions of space,(More)
We investigated the interaction of the 12 kDa FK506-binding protein (FKBP12) with two ryanodine-receptor isoforms (RyR1 and RyR3) and with two myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor isoforms (IP3R1 and IP3R3). Using glutathione S-transferase (GST)-FKBP12 affinity chromatography, we could efficiently extract RyR1 (42+/-7% of the solubilized RyR1)(More)
Binding of ATP to the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP(3)R) results in a more pronounced Ca(2+)release in the presence of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)). Two recently published studies demonstrated a different ATP sensitivity of IP(3)-induced Ca(2+)release in cell types expressing different IP(3)R isoforms. Cell types expressing mainly(More)
Volume regulation was studied in A6 epithelia grown on permeable supports by measuring cell thickness (Tc) while simultaneously recording short circuit current (ISC) and transepithelial conductance (Gt). Lowering the tonicity of the basolateral solution (pi b) from 250 or 215 to 140 mOsm/kg elicited a rapid rise in Tc followed by a regulation of the cell(More)
Elementary Ca(2+) signals, such as "Ca(2+) puffs", which arise from the activation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors, are building blocks for local and global Ca(2+) signalling. We characterized Ca(2+) puffs in six cell types that expressed differing ratios of the three inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor isoforms. The amplitudes, spatial spreads(More)
The effects of gradually reducing the osmolality of the basolateral solution (pi b) were examined in a renal epithelial cell line (A6). pi b was linearly decreased with time from 260 to 140 mosmol/ kgH2O. Cell volume did not change when pi b was gradually decreased at dilution rates (D(r)) of 1-1.5 mosmol. kgH2O-1. min-1. Increasing D(r) to 3 or 6 mosmol.(More)
A recombinant protein (Lbs-1) containing the N-terminal 581 amino acids of the mouse type 1 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R-1), including the complete IP3-binding site, was expressed in the soluble fraction of E. coli. The characteristics of IP3 binding to this protein were similar as observed previously for the intact IP3R-1. Ca2+(More)
Calmodulin inhibits inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) binding to the IP3 receptor in both a Ca2+-dependent and a Ca2+-independent way. Because there are no functional data on the modulation of the IP3-induced Ca2+ release by calmodulin at various Ca2+ concentrations, we have studied how cytosolic Ca2+ and Sr2+ interfere with the effects of calmodulin on(More)
Submillimolar ATP concentrations strongly enhance the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3))-induced Ca(2+) release, by binding specifically to ATP-binding sites on the IP(3) receptor (IP(3)R). To locate those ATP-binding sites on IP(3)R1 and IP(3)R3, both proteins were expressed in Sf9 insect cells and covalently labeled with 8-azido-[alpha-(32)P]ATP.(More)
1. We have measured changes in cell volume, membrane potential and ionic currents in distal nephron A6 cells following a challenge with hypotonic solutions (HTS). 2. The volume increase induced by HTS is compensated by a regulatory volume decrease (RVD), which is inhibited by both 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)-benzoate (NPPB) and quinine. Quinine (500(More)