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Impaired hyperemic myocardial blood flow (MBF) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), despite normal epicardial coronary arteries, results in microvascular dysfunction. The aim of the present study was to determine the relative contribution of extravascular compressive forces to microvascular dysfunction in HCM. Eighteen patients with symptomatic HCM and(More)
The development of ultrasound contrast agents, containing encapsulated microbubbles, has increased the possibilities for diagnostic imaging. Ultrasound contrast agents are currently used to enhance left ventricular opacification, increase Doppler signal intensity, and in myocardial perfusion imaging. Diagnostic imaging with contrast agents is performed with(More)
In the present study, we addressed the interactions among ultrasound, microbubbles, and living cells as well as consequent arising bioeffects. We specifically investigated whether hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is involved in transient permeabilization of cell membranes in vitro after ultrasound exposure at low diagnostic power, in the presence of stable(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether structural left ventricular (LV) abnormalities can be observed in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) mutation carriers who have not yet developed echocardiographic signs of hypertrophy by using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). BACKGROUND Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is caused by mutations(More)
We distinguish two main categories in the speech decoding strategies: those based on feature extraction and those based on time information of the filtered incoming signal. In the first group only those electrode pairs corresponding to the localisation of the four or more, maximum spectral peaks or the formants of the speech signal are stimulated. The(More)
Ultrasound (US) contrast agents have gained wide interest in gene therapy as many researchers reported increased membrane permeability and transfection efficiency by sonoporation in the presence of US contrast agents. We recently demonstrated an increase in cell membrane permeability for Ca2+ in rat cardiomyoblast (H9c2) cells insonified in the presence of(More)
UNLABELLED A varying degree of interstitial and perivascular fibrosis is a common finding in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The perfusable tissue index (PTI), obtained with PET, is a noninvasive tool for assessing myocardial fibrosis on a regional level. Measurements of the PTI in DCM, however, have not been performed yet. This study was(More)
T he heart is an aerobic organ that relies almost exclusively on the aerobic oxidation of substrates for generation of energy. Consequently, there is close coupling between myocardial oxygen consumption (MV ˙ O 2) and the main determinants of systolic function: heart rate, contractile state, and wall stress. 1 As in any mechanical pump, only part of the(More)
Paradoxical embolism is a rare cause of myocardial infarction. We present a case of a young man who was admitted to our hospital with an inferior myocardial infarction. Coronary arteriography showed a total distal occlusion of a posterolateral branch of the circumflex artery. Contrast-enhanced echocardiography showed a large atrial septal aneurysm with a(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate, by using positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, the interrelationships between regional myocardial fibrosis, perfusion, and contractile function in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). MATERIALS AND METHODS The study protocol was approved by the hospital ethics(More)