Pieter A van Zwieten

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In the present study we investigated the nature of the muscarinic receptors present in the hippocampus, sympathetic ganglia, atria and salivary glands of the rat. The heterogeneity of the muscarinic receptors was examined both in vivo and in radioligand binding experiments. To study whether the receptors present in the investigated tissues are indeed(More)
The central alpha-adrenoceptors responsible for mediating the clonidine-induced central hypotension in anaesthetized cats and sedation in mice have been characterized according to their sensitivities to the alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist yohimbine and its two diastereomeric congeners rauwolscine and corynanthine. Yohimbine and rauwolscine (1-10 microgram/kg)(More)
We determined the contribution of intracellular Ca2+ to the noradrenaline (NA, 3 X 10(-5) mmol/l)-induced contraction of the isolated guinea pig aorta. Since only about 55% of the NA-induced contraction could be attributed to intracellular Ca2+ release, we assumed that a Ca2+ influx component contributes to the NA-induced contraction. This influx component(More)
Vasoconstriction in pithed, normotensive rats elicited via stimulation of postsynaptic alpha 2-adrenoceptors by B-HT 920 was antagonized by EDTA and the calcium antagonists nifedipine, D 600 and verapamil, whereas pressor responses to the alpha 1-agonist methoxamine were unaffected. This indicates that vasoconstriction in vivo initiated via postsynaptic(More)
1. This study was designed to investigate the mechanism(s) of the negative inotropic effects of alpha1-adrenoceptor agonists observed in rat isolated left atria after exposure to free radicals. 2. Ouabain and calphostin C were used in contraction experiments to block the sodium pump and protein kinase C. Methoxamine-induced phospholipase C and Na+/K+ ATPase(More)
The chronotropic, inotropic and coronary vasodilator actions of several calcium entry blockers have been compared in isolated guinea-pig hearts. Following the subdivision of calcium entry blockers as proposed by Spedding (1985), we have studied nifedipine (dihydropyridine) (group I), verapamil (phenylalkylamine) and diltiazem (benzothiazepine) (group II),(More)
The local hemodynamic effects of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) and the selective 5-HT2 antagonist ketanserin were investigated in the forearm of 20 healthy volunteers. Single doses of 5-HT (0.1-80 ng/kg/min) and ketanserin (5-125 ng/kg/min) were administered intra-arterially. The relative alpha 1-adrenergic receptor and 5-HT2 blocking potencies of(More)
BACKGROUND In the pithed rat model, endogenously generated angiotensin (Ang) II can enhance sympathetic neurotransmission by acting on Ang II type 1 (AT1) receptors that are located on sympathetic nerve terminals. OBJECTIVE To compare the inhibitory potency of candesartan, valsartan, eprosartan and embusartan in blocking presynaptically and(More)
The exact mechanism of action of beta blockers in migraine remains undetermined. An effect on the central nervous system (CNS) might be a factor. The evidence from the literature indicates that the anatomical and chemical targets for these drugs are present in the mammalian brain, that they readily penetrate the brain, and that they may modify CNS(More)