Learn More
Personalities are general properties of humans and other animals. Different personality traits are phenotypically correlated, and heritabilities of personality traits have been reported in humans and various animals. In great tits, consistent heritable differences have been found in relation to exploration, which is correlated with various other personality(More)
For many animals, long-range signalling is essential to maintain contact with conspecifics. In territorial species, individuals often have to balance signalling towards unfamiliar potential competitors (to solely broadcast territory ownership) with signalling towards familiar immediate neighbours (to also maintain so-called "dear enemy" relations). Hence,(More)
Animal 'personality' describes consistent individual differences in suites of behaviors, a phenomenon exhibited in diverse animal taxa and shown to be under natural and sexual selection. It has been suggested that variation in personality reflects underlying physiological variation; however there is limited empirical evidence to test this hypothesis in wild(More)
Individuals often differ consistently in behaviour across time and contexts, and such consistent behavioural differences are commonly described as personality. Personality can play a central role in social behaviour both in dyadic interactions and in social networks. We investigated whether explorative behaviour, as proxy of personality of territorial male(More)
An assay for the determination of itraconazole and its active metabolite hydroxyitraconazole in serum has been developed, using ketoconazole as internal standard. The procedure involved a one-step liquid-liquid extraction of the drug, its metabolite and the internal standard, followed by their separation by reversed-phase HPLC. In this paper the validation(More)
In recent years, it has become clear that the presence of high concentrations of 1-OH midazolam glucuronide is probably the cause of unexplained prolonged midazolam comas in patients with poor renal function. Until recently, only indirect methods for the analysis of this glucuronide were known, which had several disadvantages, such as a long analysis period(More)
Electron-capture gas chromatography was carried out to determine midazolam and its three hydroxy metabolites (1-hydroxymethylmidazolam, 4-hydroxymidazolam and 1-hydroxymethyl-4-hydroxymidazolam) in human plasma. The assay involves extraction from plasma, buffered to pH 9.3, into cyclohexane-dichloromethane (6:4) and analysis by gas chromatography. The use(More)
In this article assays are described for caffeine, theophylline, procainamide, N-acetylprocainamide, quinidine, dihydroquinidine, paracetamol, phenobarbital, phenytoin, carbamazepine, chloramphenicol, oxazepam, temazepam, diazepam, desmethyldiazepam, chlordiazepoxide, desmethylchlordiazepoxide and demoxepam using a uniform working procedure, five (slightly)(More)