Piet Stinissen

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CD4+ CD25(high) regulatory T cells (Tregs) of patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis (MS), in contrast to those of patients with secondary progressive (SP) MS, show a reduced suppressive function. In this study, we analysed forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) at the single-cell level in MS patients and controls (healthy individuals and patients with(More)
Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Disease mechanisms in multiple sclerosis at the molecular level remain poorly understood and no reliable proteinaceous disease markers are available yet. The goal of the present study is the construction of a protein database of two-dimensional gel(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates an immunosuppressive role for CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) in autoimmune diseases. Although an impaired Treg function in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RR-MS) has been reported recently, no information is available so far about Treg function in the progressive stage of the disease. In the(More)
Oligodendrocytes, the myelin-forming cells of the central nervous system, are the target of pathogenic immune responses in multiple sclerosis. Primary cultures of human oligodendrocytes have been used to unravel the cellular and molecular mechanisms of immune-mediated injury of oligodendrocytes. However, these studies are hampered by the limited(More)
Activated autoreactive T cells are potentially pathogenic and regulated by clonotypic networks. Experimental autoimmune diseases can be treated by inoculation with autoreactive T cells (T cell vaccination). In the present study, patients with multiple sclerosis were inoculated with irradiated myelin basic protein (MBP)-reactive T cells. T cell responses to(More)
In multiple sclerosis (MS), damage to oligodendrocytes is believed to be caused by an aberrant immune response initiated by autoreactive T cells. Increasing evidence indicates that these T cells are not exclusively detrimental but might also exert protective effects. We report for the first time that myelin-reactive T-cell clones from eight MS patients(More)
Along with microglia and monocyte-derived macrophages, macrophages in the perivascular space, choroid plexus, and meninges are the principal effector cells in neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative disorders. These phagocytes are highly heterogeneous cells displaying spatial- and temporal-dependent identities in the healthy, injured, and inflamed CNS. In(More)
Patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RR-MS) show a suboptimal CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cell (Treg) function, whereas no Treg alterations are observed in secondary progressive MS (SP-MS) patients. To clarify the difference in Treg activity between early and chronic disease stages in MS, we analyzed the functional capacity and homeostatic(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease mediated by autoreactive T lymphocytes with specificity for myelin antigens. Initially, the evidence to support this hypothesis was based mainly on experiments performed in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE), the animal model of MS. In this model it was(More)
CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) are considered to play a key role as suppressors of immune mediated reactions. The analysis of Treg function in patients with autoimmune, allergic or oncogenic diseases has emerged over the past years. In the present study we describe a CFSE based protocol to measure Treg mediated suppression of CD4(+) T cells.(More)