Piet L . B . Bruijnzeel

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RATIONALE Comorbidities contribute to disease severity and mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Comorbidities have been studied individually and were mostly based on self-reports. The coexistence of objectively identified comorbidities and the role of low-grade systemic inflammation in the pathophysiology of COPD remain(More)
 The increased international concern about the threat of military and terroristic use of nerve agents, prompted us to critically consider the expected value of the currently available oxime treatment of nerve agent poisoning. Although oximes have been designed to reactivate the inhibited acetylcholinesterase (AChE), clinical experience has indicated that(More)
OBJECTIVES Oxygen-enhanced MRI (OE-MRI) biomarkers have potential value in assessment of COPD, but need further evaluation before treatment-induced changes can be interpreted. The objective was to evaluate how OE-MRI parameters of regional ventilation and oxygen uptake respond to standard pharmacological interventions in COPD, and how the response compares(More)
UV-induced skin damage is the result of a complex cascade of events. Many studies have focused on the skin effects induced by UV-B or UV-A separately. Recently a UV-source that emits UV-B and UV-A together in a ratio comparable to daily sunlight has been introduced: i.e. solar simulated radiation (SSR). By exposing human skin type I-III to erythematogenic(More)
BACKGROUND Klotho is an 'anti-ageing' hormone and transmembrane protein; Klotho deficient mice develop a similar ageing phenotype to smokers including emphysema and muscle wasting. The objective of this study was to evaluate skeletal muscle and circulating Klotho protein in smokers and COPD patients and to relate Klotho levels to relevant skeletal muscle(More)
Clear evidence for an association between systemic inflammation and increased arterial stiffness in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is lacking. Moreover, the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation on arterial stiffness are not well studied. We aimed to 1) confirm increased arterial stiffness in COPD; 2) evaluate its correlates(More)
RATIONALE The rate of annual change in FEV1 is highly variable among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Reliable blood biomarkers are needed to predict prognosis. OBJECTIVES To explore plasma biomarkers associated with an annual change in FEV1 in patients with COPD. METHODS Plasma samples of 261 subjects, all Japanese, with COPD(More)
BACKGROUND To describe a study design that focuses on risk factors and patterns of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations. METHODS A 2-year, single centre, observational study was conducted in Guangzhou in China. The study enrolled 318 subjects with COPD aged 40-79 years, stratified into different but equally sized groups according to(More)
Exposure of the skin to UV radiation can lead to a local infiltration of neutrophils. Not much is known on whether the infiltration of neutrophils in the irradiated skin is UV source dependent. In this study we compared different UV sources (solar-simulated radiation [SSR], narrowband [NB]-UVB, broadband [BB]-UVB and UVA1) in their potency to induce(More)
Black skin is more resistant to the deleterious effects of ultraviolet radiation than white skin. A higher melanin content and a different melanosomal dispersion pattern in the epidermis are thought to be responsible for this. Our purpose was to compare skin responses in black and white skin following exposure to solar-simulating radiation (SSR) to further(More)