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Methanol:5-hydroxybenzimidazolylcobamide methyltransferase (MT1) is the first of two enzymes required for transfer of the methyl group of methanol to 2-mercaptoethanesulfonic acid in Methanosarcina barkeri. MT1 binds the methyl group of methanol to its corrinoid prosthetic group only when the central cobalt atom of the corrinoid is present in the highly(More)
Methanol:5-hydroxybenzimidazolylcobamide methyltransferase (MT1) is the first of two enzymes involved in the transmethylation reaction from methanol to 2-mercaptoethanesulfonic acid in Methanosarcina barkeri. MT1 only binds the methyl group of methanol when the cobalt atom of its corrinoid prosthetic groups is present in the highly reduced Co(I) state.(More)
The enzyme systems involved in the methyl group transfer from methanol and from tri- and dimethylamine to 2-mercaptoethanesulfonic acid (coenzyme M) were resolved from cell extracts of Methanosarcina barkeri Fusaro grown on methanol and trimethylamine, respectively. Resolution was accomplished by ammonium sulfate fractionation, anion-exchange(More)
In Methanosarcina barkeri the transfer of the methyl group from methanol to 2-mercaptoethanesulfonic acid is catalyzed by the concerted action of two methyltransferases. The first one is the corrinoid-containing methanol:5-hydroxybenzimidazolylcobamide methyltransferase (MT1), which binds the methyl group of methanol to its corrinoid prosthetic group. MT1(More)
Ferredoxin was purified from methanol-grown Methanosarcina barkeri strain MS. It was isolated as a dimer with a subunit molecular weight of 6,200. The protein contained 7.4 mol iron and 7.2 mol acid-labile sulfur per monomer. In the reduced state the ferredoxin exhibited an EPR spectrum characteristic of two spin-coupled [4Fe-4S]1+ clusters. The EM of the(More)
The conversion of formaldehyde to methylcoenzyme M in cell-free extracts of Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum was stimulated up to 10-fold by catalytic amounts of the heterodisulfide (CoM-S-S-HTP) of coenzyme M and 7-mercaptoheptanoylthreonine phosphate. The stimulation required the additional presence of ATP, also in catalytic concentrations. ATP and(More)
The methyl ester distribution of pectins was studied with a recently developed enzymatic method. Endopolygalacturonase of Kluyveromyces fragilis was used to degrade pectin and the composition of the degradation products was determined with high-performance anion-exchange chromatography at pH 5. Three characteristics indicative for the distribution of(More)
Methanogenic archaea typically contain 5-hydroxybenzimidazolylcobamide (cba-HBI) as the prosthetic group of a number of methyltransferases involved in their central metabolic pathways. In this paper the (acidic) dissociation constants and standard oxidation-reduction potentials of the Co3+/Co2+ and Co2+/Co1+ couples of isolated aquo-cba-HBI were measured.(More)
A method was developed that enabled the study of non-esterified galacturonic acid sequences (so-called blocks) in pectin. Endopolygalacturonase of Kluyveromyces fragilis was used to extensively degrade pectin, and the composition of the galacturonic acid molecules produced was determined with high-performance anion-exchange chromatography at pH 5. With this(More)
Allogeneic stem cell transplant (ASCT) recipients have severely impaired cell-mediated immunity as a result of their conditioning regimen, immunosuppressive therapy, and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Accordingly, they are susceptible to bacterial, viral, and fungal infections. Mycobacterial infections can also occur in these patients, although the(More)