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Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a crucial mediator of inflammatory pain sensitization. Here, we demonstrate that inhibition of a specific glycine receptor subtype (GlyR alpha3) by PGE2-induced receptor phosphorylation underlies central inflammatory pain sensitization. We show that GlyR alpha3 is distinctly expressed in superficial layers of the spinal cord(More)
The spinal dorsal horn is the first level of the CNS in which nociceptive input from sensory afferents is integrated and transmitted. Although inhibitory control in this region has a crucial impact on pain transmission, the respective contribution of GABA and glycine to this inhibition remains elusive. We have previously documented co-release of GABA and(More)
Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were made from CA1 pyramidal and dentate gyrus granule cells (GCs) in hippocampal slices to assess the effects of withdrawal from chronic flurazepam (FRZ) treatment on the function of synaptic GABAA receptors. In slices from control rats, acute perfusion of FRZ (30 microM) increased the monoexponential decay time constant(More)
Several protein kinases are known to phosphorylate Ser/Thr residues of certain GABAA receptor subunits. Yet, the effect of phosphorylation on GABAA receptor function in neurons remains controversial, and the functional consequences of phosphorylating synaptic GABAA receptors of adult CNS neurons are poorly understood. We used whole-cell patch-clamp(More)
In lamina II of the spinal dorsal horn, synaptic inhibition mediated by ionotropic GABA(A) and glycine receptors contributes to the integration of peripheral nociceptive messages. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were performed from lamina II neurons in spinal cord slices to study the properties of miniature IPSCs (mIPSCs) mediated by activation of GABA(A)(More)
1. We have used the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique to investigate the effects of neuroactive steroids on GABAA receptor-mediated synaptic transmission between rat hypothalamic neurones and pituitary intermediate lobe (IL) cells grown in coculture. In order to discriminate between possible pre- and postsynaptic sites of action, the(More)
We have investigated the effects of 2-ethylamino-6-chloro-4-methyl-4-phenyl-4H-3,1-benzoxazine hydrochloride (etifoxine) on GABA(A) receptor function. Etifoxine displaced [(35)S]TBPS (t-butylbicyclophosphorothionate) from GABA(A) receptors of rat cortical membranes with an IC(50) of 6.7+/-0.8 microM and [(3)H]PK11195 from peripheral (mitochondrial)-type(More)
UNLABELLED In animal studies, thermal sensitivity is mostly evaluated on the basis of nociceptive reaction latencies in response to a given thermal aversive stimulus. However, these techniques may be inappropriate to differentiate allodynia from hyperalgesia or to provide information differentiating the activation of nociceptor subtypes. The recent(More)
Inhibitory synaptic transmission in the dorsal horn (DH) of the spinal cord plays an important role in the modulation of nociceptive messages because pharmacological blockade of spinal GABAA receptors leads to thermal and mechanical pain symptoms. Here, we show that during the development of thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia associated with(More)
Rat hypothalamic neurons and endocrine cells from the intermediate lobe of the pituitary were grown in dissociated coculture. Neurons positively stained with an antibody against glutamate decarboxylase established apparent contacts with the alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone-positive endocrine cells. These sites of contact were intensely labeled with an(More)