Pierrick Craveur

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Protein structures are necessary for understanding protein function at a molecular level. Dynamics and flexibility of protein structures are also key elements of protein function. So, we have proposed to look at protein flexibility using novel methods: (i) using a structural alphabet and (ii) combining classical X-ray B-factor data and molecular dynamics(More)
Peptide bonds in protein structures are mainly found in trans conformation with a torsion angle ω close to 180°. Only a very low proportion is observed in cis conformation with ω angle around 0°. Cis–trans isomerization leads to local conformation changes which play an important role in many biological processes. In this paper, we reviewed the recent(More)
Posttranslational modifications (PTMs) define covalent and chemical modifications of protein residues. They play important roles in modulating various biological functions. Current PTM databases contain important sequence annotations but do not provide informative 3D structural resource about these modifications. Posttranslational modification structural(More)
Protein structures are valuable tools to understand protein function. Nonetheless, proteins are often considered as rigid macromolecules while their structures exhibit specific flexibility, which is essential to complete their functions. Analyses of protein structures and dynamics are often performed with a simplified three-state description, i.e., the(More)
β-Sheets are quite frequent in protein structures and are stabilized by regular main-chain hydrogen bond patterns. Irregularities in β-sheets, named β-bulges, are distorted regions between two consecutive hydrogen bonds. They disrupt the classical alternation of side chain direction and can alter the directionality of β-strands. They are implicated in(More)
Proteins are highly dynamic macromolecules. A classical way to analyze their inner flexibility is to perform molecular dynamics simulations. It provides pertinent results both for basic and applied researches. The different approaches to define and analyze their rigidity or flexibility have been established years ago. In this context, we present the(More)
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