Pierrette Gourde

Learn More
Temporal variations in the renal toxicity of aminoglycosides have been reported for experimental animals as well as for humans. In fact, maximal renal toxicity of aminoglycosides was observed when the drug was given during the rest period, while a lower toxicity was observed when the drug was injected during the activity period. The aim of the present study(More)
Previous studies have reported that infection of monocytes by viruses such as cytomegalovirus and human immunodeficiency virus weakens host natural immunity. In the present study, we demonstrated the capability of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) to infect and replicate in freshly isolated human monocytes. Using electron microscopy analysis, we observed the(More)
The effect of ceftriaxone on tobramycin-induced nephrotoxicity was investigated. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were treated during 4 and 10 days with saline (NaCl, 0.9%), ceftriaxone at a dose of 100 mg/kg of body weight/12 h subcutaneously, tobramycin at doses of 40 and 60 mg/kg/12 h intraperitoneally, or the combination ceftriaxone-tobramycin. Creatinine(More)
The topical efficacies of foscarnet and acyclovir incorporated into a polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene polymer were evaluated and compared to that of 5% acyclovir ointment (Zovirax) by use of a murine model of cutaneous herpes simplex virus type 1 infection. All three treatments given three times daily for 4 days and initiated 24 h after infection prevented(More)
A study recently conducted across Canada showed that 64 of 2,503 clinical isolates of Haemophilus influenzae were resistant to beta-lactams without production of a beta-lactamase (L. D. Tremblay, J. L'Ecuyer, P. Provencher, M. G. Bergeron, and Canadian Study Group, Can. Med. Assoc. J. 143:895-900, 1990). The beta-lactamase-negative strains formed three(More)
The efficacy of sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), a sulfated anionic chaotropic surfactant, and dextran sulfate (DS), a polysulfated carbohydrate, against herpes simplex virus (HSV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections was evaluated in cultured cells and in different murine models of HSV infection. Results showed that both SLS and DS were potent(More)
The microbicidal efficacies of two anionic surfactants, sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) and n-lauroylsarcosine (LS), were evaluated in cultured cells and in a murine model of herpes simplex type 2 (HSV-2) intravaginal infection. In vitro studies showed that SLS and LS were potent inhibitors of the infectivity of HSV-2 strain 333. The concentrations of SLS which(More)
The ability of liposomes bearing anti-HLA-DR Fab' fragments to target cells expressing the human HLA-DR determinant of the major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC-II) has been evaluated and compared to that of conventional liposomes. Anti-HLA-DR immunoliposomes did not bind to HLA-DR-negative cells. In contrast, a high level of binding was observed(More)
Daptomycin is a new biosynthetic antibiotic which belongs to a new class of drugs known as lipopeptides. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of daptomycin and vancomycin on tobramycin-induced nephrotoxicity. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were treated during 4 and 10 days with either saline (NaCl, 0.9%) or tobramycin at doses of 4 and 40(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the present study was to look at the effect of a protein-rich diet on cyclosporine A (CsA)-induced acute nephrotoxicity in rodents using markers of tubular damage. DESIGN Female Sprague-Dawley rats were conditioned to either a standard or a casein-rich diet for 2 weeks. Then, they were given CsA intraperitoneally (25 mg/kg/24 h(More)