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Highly-active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has lead to a dramatic decrease in the morbidity of patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, metabolic side effects, including lipodystrophy-associated (LD-associated) dyslipidemia, have been reported in patients treated with antiretroviral therapy. This study was designed to(More)
Productive varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection of the central nervous system (CNS) was demonstrated in 11 acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients using immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization. A characteristic zoster skin eruption was seen in only four cases. From our own series and 11 other cases in the literature, we identified five(More)
BACKGROUND The pilot phase IIb VIKING study suggested that dolutegravir (DTG), a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) integrase inhibitor (INI), would be efficacious in INI-resistant patients at the 50 mg twice daily (BID) dose. METHODS VIKING-3 is a single-arm, open-label phase III study in which therapy-experienced adults with INI-resistant virus received(More)
Solid organ transplantations (SOT) are performed successfully in selected HIV-infected patients. However, multiple and reciprocal drug-drug interactions are observed between antiretroviral (ARV) drugs and calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) through CYP450 metabolization. Raltegravir (RAL), a novel HIV-1 integrase inhibitor, is not a substrate of CYP450 enzymes.(More)
The rare patients who are able to spontaneously control HIV replication in the absence of therapy show signs of a particularly efficient cellular immune response. To identify the molecular determinants that underlie this response, we characterized the T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire directed at Gag293, the most immunoprevalent CD4 epitope in the HIV-1(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) on AIDS-Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). DESIGN Prospective cohort of patients followed for 24 months. SETTING Four referral hospitals of the West Paris metropolitan area. PATIENTS/INTERVENTION Thirty-nine AIDS-KS patients, 42 +/- 9 years old, who began HAART (HIV-protease(More)
Herpes simplex (HSV) infection of the central nervous system is uncommon in AIDS and usually has an atypical topography. This review is centred around the case of a 49-year-old homosexual patient with AIDS who died from diffuse encephalopathy. Neuropathological examination revealed necrotic and haemorrhagic changes involving both temporal lobes, insulae and(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma citrulline is a biomarker of enterocyte mass and function in humans. OBJECTIVE We evaluated citrulline in the reemerging context of diarrhea in HIV-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. DESIGN This study prospectively measured citrulline in 6 groups of HIV-1 patients (n = 115): 1) undetectable viral load(More)