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In developing countries, access to antiretroviral treatment for persons living with HIV is still in progress. Malnutrition represents another cause of acquired immunodeficiency and premature death. This evaluation program estimated the impact of family nutritional support during the first year of antiretroviral treatment in West Africa's sub-Sahara region.(More)
Highly-active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has lead to a dramatic decrease in the morbidity of patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, metabolic side effects, including lipodystrophy-associated (LD-associated) dyslipidemia, have been reported in patients treated with antiretroviral therapy. This study was designed to(More)
To examine the efficacy and tolerance of pentamidine aerosol in the prevention of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) relapse in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) being treated with zidovudine, 51 patients who had had an episode of PCP in the previous 5 months were enrolled in a randomised controlled study. 25 patients (group I)(More)
Herpetic esophagitis (HE) associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a rare condition mainly reported as isolated cases. We thus decided to study this association and analyze the possible predisposing factors, clinical and endoscopic presentations, and clinical response to treatment. Thirty-four HIV-1-infected patients were identified: 27 had(More)
BACKGROUND A syndrome of lipodystrophy, associated with hypertriglyceridaemia, hypercholesterolaemia, hyperinsulinaemia and peripheral insulin resistance has been reported in protease inhibitor (PI)-treated HIV-infected patients. Because lipid metabolism, fat mass distribution and insulin resistance are partly regulated by steroid hormones, we questioned(More)
Zidovudine (AZT) is of some benefit for selected patients with AIDS-related complex (ARC) or AIDS treated for up to 24 weeks. The activity and toxicity of oral AZT, 200 mg 4-hourly when possible, was evaluated in 365 consecutive patients with ARC (80) or AIDS (285) followed up for a mean of 31 weeks (range 2-52). A transient increase in body weight,(More)
Productive varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection of the central nervous system (CNS) was demonstrated in 11 acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients using immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization. A characteristic zoster skin eruption was seen in only four cases. From our own series and 11 other cases in the literature, we identified five(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma citrulline is a biomarker of enterocyte mass and function in humans. OBJECTIVE We evaluated citrulline in the reemerging context of diarrhea in HIV-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. DESIGN This study prospectively measured citrulline in 6 groups of HIV-1 patients (n = 115): 1) undetectable viral load(More)
BACKGROUND Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is an uncommon sexually transmitted disease caused by the L serovars of Chlamydiae trachomatis. Since 2003-2004, a continued outbreak of LGV proctitis (C. trachomatis serovar L2b) has been reported in North America and Europe, including France, among homosexual males, especially with HIV co-infection. CASE REPORT(More)