Pierre de Truchis

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In developing countries, access to antiretroviral treatment for persons living with HIV is still in progress. Malnutrition represents another cause of acquired immunodeficiency and premature death. This evaluation program estimated the impact of family nutritional support during the first year of antiretroviral treatment in West Africa's sub-Sahara region.(More)
Highly-active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has lead to a dramatic decrease in the morbidity of patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, metabolic side effects, including lipodystrophy-associated (LD-associated) dyslipidemia, have been reported in patients treated with antiretroviral therapy. This study was designed to(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma citrulline is a biomarker of enterocyte mass and function in humans. OBJECTIVE We evaluated citrulline in the reemerging context of diarrhea in HIV-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. DESIGN This study prospectively measured citrulline in 6 groups of HIV-1 patients (n = 115): 1) undetectable viral load(More)
BACKGROUND The pilot phase IIb VIKING study suggested that dolutegravir (DTG), a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) integrase inhibitor (INI), would be efficacious in INI-resistant patients at the 50 mg twice daily (BID) dose. METHODS VIKING-3 is a single-arm, open-label phase III study in which therapy-experienced adults with INI-resistant virus received(More)
BACKGROUND To lower the number of undiagnosed infections and to improve early detection, international health agencies have promoted nontargeted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening in health care settings, including emergency departments (EDs). This strategy remains controversial and has yet to be tested on a large scale. We assessed the public(More)
Herpes simplex (HSV) infection of the central nervous system is uncommon in AIDS and usually has an atypical topography. This review is centred around the case of a 49-year-old homosexual patient with AIDS who died from diffuse encephalopathy. Neuropathological examination revealed necrotic and haemorrhagic changes involving both temporal lobes, insulae and(More)
To examine the efficacy and tolerance of pentamidine aerosol in the prevention of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) relapse in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) being treated with zidovudine, 51 patients who had had an episode of PCP in the previous 5 months were enrolled in a randomised controlled study. 25 patients (group I)(More)
Herpetic esophagitis (HE) associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a rare condition mainly reported as isolated cases. We thus decided to study this association and analyze the possible predisposing factors, clinical and endoscopic presentations, and clinical response to treatment. Thirty-four HIV-1-infected patients were identified: 27 had(More)
BACKGROUND A syndrome of lipodystrophy (LD) associated with peripheral lipoatrophy and central/visceral adiposity has been reported in HIV-1-infected patients treated by combined antiretroviral therapy (ART). Lipid metabolism is partly regulated by both steroid hormones and cytokines and we have previously reported that dyslipidaemia in LD-positive men is(More)
BACKGROUND A syndrome of lipodystrophy, associated with hypertriglyceridaemia, hypercholesterolaemia, hyperinsulinaemia and peripheral insulin resistance has been reported in protease inhibitor (PI)-treated HIV-infected patients. Because lipid metabolism, fat mass distribution and insulin resistance are partly regulated by steroid hormones, we questioned(More)