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Pregnancy-induced hypertension affects at least 10% of all pregnancies. An association with first pregnancy or a change in paternity for subsequent pregnancies has been suggested. We studied the duration of sexual cohabitation with the father prior to conception and the incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension. During a five-month period, 1011(More)
An epidemiologic survey of congenital heart disease was performed in Guadeloupe, French West Indies, during the 3-year period 1988-1990. This survey, the first on congenital heart disease from the Caribbean, found an overall rate of 6.08 congenital heart disease cases per 1,000 live births, a high rate of hypoplastic left heart disease, and a rate of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study compares the prevalence and perinatal mortality of congenital heart defects on La Réunion with European (EUROCAT) standards. METHODS AND RESULTS Data were extracted from a EUROCAT-affiliated congenital malformations registry, covering 88,025 births during the period 2002-2007, on the whole island territory. A total of 512 congenital(More)
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP: pregnancy-induced hypertension, preeclampsia, eclampsia) affect approximately 10% of human births. Women are at increased risk for HDP during their first conception; and/or when the conception is with a new partner (new paternity); when conception occurs very shortly after the beginning of their sexual relationship.(More)
BACKGROUND Pregnant women have been identified as a group at risk, both for respiratory complications than for the admissions to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic (pdm). The purpose of this prospective register-based cohort-study was to characterize the clinical virulence of the pdm (H1N1/09)v during pregnancy in La(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the maternal and neonatal outcomes of a large cohort of adolescent pregnancies in a tertiary care hospital at Reunion Island. METHODS Retrospective study of all primiparous singleton pregnancies over 10.5 years. Adolescent (<18 years) were compared to 18-29 years pregnancies. The maternal outcomes were obstetric illness, labor(More)
BACKGROUND An outbreak of chikungunya virus affected over one-third of the population of La Réunion Island between March 2005 and December 2006. In June 2005, we identified the first case of mother-to-child chikungunya virus transmission at the Groupe Hospitalier Sud-Réunion level-3 maternity department. The goal of this prospective study was to(More)
Pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders, and especially preeclampsia, are documented to occur primarily in first pregnancies and rarely in subsequent pregnancies. Therefore, the concept of primigravidity is the epidemiological cornerstone of this disease. The authors propose a concept in which preeclampsia is a disease of new couples, especially after a(More)
Despite much research, and clear improvement in our understanding of risk factors and pathogenetic mechanisms, the exact etiology of pre-eclampsia remains unknown. The immune maladaptation hypothesis has been challenged recently by several large epidemiological studies. One of the explanations for contradictory findings might be that the type of(More)