Pierre-Yves Olivier

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Six bufadienolides were isolated from Tylecodon grandiflorus ( Burm .f.) Toelken . The paretic syndrome, krimpsiekte , could be induced in sheep either by repeated oral administration of small quantities of plant material or the intravenous injection of small quantities of certain bufadienolides . A mild to moderate, acute to subacute, multifocal(More)
Perinatal brain injuries often result in irreversible learning disabilities, which manifest in early childhood. These injuries are chiefly ascribable to marked susceptibility of the immature brain to glutamate-induced excitotoxicity. No treatments are available. One well-characterized model of perinatal brain injuries consists in injecting the glutamate(More)
The Maddox double rod test showed subjective excyclotropia of the nonparetic eye in 15 of 60 patients with unilateral superior oblique muscle palsy. This response was reported consistently by patients who habitually fixated with the paretic eye. This phenomenon is the results of a monocular sensorial adaptation to the cyclodeviation by means of a reordering(More)
A 52-wk toxicity study by dietary administration was performed in Sprague-Dawley rats and in pure-bred beagle dogs with beta-cyclodextrin, a starch derivative that acts as a molecular inclusion agent. Doses of 0 (control), 12,500, 25,000 and 50,000 ppm were selected for the rat study, and 0 (control), 6200, 12,500 and 50,000 ppm were selected for the dog(More)
Between January 1982 and December 1983 stereo colour photography covering 10 standard fields of 30 degrees and fluorescein angiography were performed in 64 consecutive patients with diabetes mellitus who had no clinical evidence of diabetic retinopathy. Fifty-two patients were excluded on the basis of the slightest photographic or angiographic evidence of(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the dose related effects of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) on the electroretinographic (ERG) B-wave amplitude and on retinal concentrations of dopamine (DA) and its main metabolites homovanillic acid (HVA) and dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC). Doses of 6-OHDA (60, 300 or 1200 micrograms) were dissolved in a 0.9 percent(More)
Diagnosis of arterial prosthetic infection is often difficult to confirm. Several cases of lower extremity hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) have been associated with arterial prosthetic infection. The presence of bone and joint abnormalities could constitute an early sign of HOA. The purpose of this prospective study was to determine the diagnostic value(More)
The premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is responsible for 30 % of the premature births because of a high risk of associated chorioamnionitis. PROM and the perinatal infection are recognized as 2 of the main risk factors of periventricular leukomalacia and white matter disease in very preterm neonates. Inflammation associated with PROM is likely to induce(More)
Baclofen, a gamma-aminobutyric acid-B agonist with muscle-relaxant properties, is widely used in patients with severe spasticity. In animals, baclofen has been shown to decrease respiratory drive. In humans, however, use of baclofen at the standard dose did not significantly impair sleep-disordered breathing in a susceptible population of snorers. Recently,(More)