Pierre-Yves Bourguignon

Learn More
Crossover (CO) is a key process for the accurate segregation of homologous chromosomes during the first meiotic division. In most eukaryotes, meiotic recombination is not homogeneous along the chromosomes, suggesting a tight control of the location of recombination events. We genotyped 71 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) covering the entire chromosome(More)
Genome-scale metabolic models bridge the gap between genome-derived biochemical information and metabolic phenotypes in a principled manner, providing a solid interpretative framework for experimental data related to metabolic states, and enabling simple in silico experiments with whole-cell metabolism. Models have been reconstructed for almost 20 bacterial(More)
Escherichia coli exhibits a wide range of lifestyles encompassing commensalism and various pathogenic behaviors which its highly dynamic genome contributes to develop. How environmental and host factors shape the genetic structure of E. coli strains remains, however, largely unknown. Following a previous study of E. coli genomic diversity, we investigated(More)
MOTIVATION The construction of statistics for summarizing posterior samples returned by a Bayesian phylogenetic study has so far been hindered by the poor geometric insights available into the space of phylogenetic trees, and ad hoc methods such as the derivation of a consensus tree makeup for the ill-definition of the usual concepts of posterior mean,(More)
We introduce inhomogeneous parsimonious Markov models for modeling statistical patterns in discrete sequences. These models are based on parsimonious context trees, which are a generalization of context trees, and thus generalize variable order Markov models. We follow a Bayesian approach, consisting of structure and parameter learning. Structure learning(More)
SUMMARY The seq++ package offers a reference set of programs and an extensible library to biologists and developers working on sequence statistics. Its generality arises from the ability to handle sequences described with any alphabet (nucleotides, amino acids, codons and others). seq++ enables sequence modelling with various types of Markov models,(More)
The Mixture Transition Distribution (MTD) model was introduced by Raftery to face the need for parsimony in the modeling of high-order Markov chains in discrete time. The particularity of this model comes from the fact that the effect of each lag upon the present is considered separately and additively, so that the number of parameters required is(More)
An analysis of heterogeneous biological networks based on randomizations that preserve the structure of component subgraphs is introduced and applied to the yeast protein-protein interaction and transcriptional regulation interaction network. Shuffling this network, under the constraint that the transcriptional and protein-protein interaction subgraphs are(More)
Parsimonious Markov models have been recently developed as a generalization of variable order Markov models. Many practical applications involve a setting with latent variables, with a common example being mixture models. Here, we propose a Bayesian model averaging approach for learning mixtures of parsimonious Markov models that is based on Gibbs sampling.(More)