Pierre-Yves Bondiau

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We propose a new model to simulate the three-dimensional (3-D) growth of glioblastomas multiforma (GBMs), the most aggressive glial tumors. The GBM speed of growth depends on the invaded tissue: faster in white than in gray matter, it is stopped by the dura or the ventricles. These different structures are introduced into the model using an atlas matching(More)
BACKGROUND There is no community standard for the treatment of glioblastoma in patients 70 years of age or older. We conducted a randomized trial that compared radiotherapy and supportive care with supportive care alone in such patients. METHODS Patients 70 years of age or older with a newly diagnosed anaplastic astrocytoma or glioblastoma and a Karnofsky(More)
Radiotherapy for brain glioma treatment relies on magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomography (CT) images. These images provide information on the spatial extent of the tumor, but can only visualize parts of the tumor where cancerous cells are dense enough, masking the low density infiltration. In radiotherapy, a 2 m constant margin around the tumor is(More)
Warping a digital atlas toward a patient image allows the simultaneous segmentation of several structures. This may be of great interest for cerebral images, since the brain contains a large number of small but important structures (optical nerves, grey nuclei, etc.). One important application is the conformal radiotherapy of cerebral tumor, where a precise(More)
PURPOSE Brain tumor radiotherapy requires the volume measurements and the localization of several individual brain structures. Any tool that can assist the physician to perform the delineation would then be of great help. Among segmentation methods, those that are atlas-based are appealing because they are able to segment several structures simultaneously,(More)
We propose a new model to simulate the growth of glioblastomas multiforma (GBM), the most aggressive glial tumors. This model relies upon an anatomical atlas including white fibers diffusion tensor information and the delineation of cerebral structures having a distinct response to the tumor aggression. We simulate both the invasion of the GBM in the brain(More)
PURPOSE Recurrent head and neck cancer is associated to a poor survival prognosis. A high toxicity rate is demonstrated when surgery and/or radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy are combined. Furthermore, the duration of treatment is often not ethically compatible with the expected survival (median survival<1year). Normal tissues tolerance limits the use of(More)
Glioblastoma multiforma (GBM) is one of the most aggressive tumors of the central nervous system. It can be represented by two components: a proliferative component with a mass effect on brain structures and an invasive component. GBM has a distinct pattern of spread showing a preferential growth in the white fiber direction for the invasive component. By(More)
In cancer treatment, understanding the aggressiveness of the tumor is essential in therapy planning and patient follow-up. In this article, we present a novel method for quantifying the speed of invasion of gliomas in white and grey matter from time series of magnetic resonance (MR) images. The proposed approach is based on mathematical tumor growth models(More)
Despite combinations of surgery, radiotherapy (RT) and chemotherapy used in the treatment of glioblastomas, mean and median survival rates in most patients remain 12 months or less after diagnosis. RT and nitrosourea after surgery are the standard combination for glioblastomas. They may induce acquired resistance and, consequently, non-operable(More)